Tectonic style and structural analysis of the Puebla de Guzmán Antiform (Iberian Pyrite Belt, South Portuguese Zone, SW Spain)
Elena M. Mantero, Francisco M. Alonso-Chaves, Encarnación García-Navarro, Antonio Azor, 2011. "Tectonic style and structural analysis of the Puebla de Guzmán Antiform (Iberian Pyrite Belt, South Portuguese Zone, SW Spain)", Kinematic Evolution and Structural Styles of Fold-and-Thrust Belts, J. Poblet, R. J. Lisle
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In the South Portuguese Zone (Iberian Massif), thin-skinned tectonics linked to the collision with the Ossa-Morena Zone produced the inversion of previous extensional basins in Carboniferous times. Its central domain, namely the Iberian Pyrite Belt, underwent two deformation phases at mostly low-grade metamorphic conditions linked to a progressive deformation migrating upwards from a basal detachment and from north to south. The Puebla de Guzmán Antiform is one of the most outstanding cartographic structures in the Iberian Pyrite Belt, representing a imbricate fan thrust system developed during the second regional deformation phase. In the Puebla de Guzmán Antiform, the first deformation phase gave rise to a penetrative slaty cleavage (S1), which is also recognized in the whole Iberian Pyrite Belt and constitutes the main foliation all over the region. Its genesis is possibly linked to the coetaneous development of thrusts at deeper crustal levels and SSW-vergent folds at all levels above these thrusts. First phase structures were deformed by large-scale imbricated thrust systems with lateral (NNE–SSW) and frontal (WNW–ESE) ramps, which constitute the most relevant regional cartographic structures. This second deformation phase generated thrusts, two set of folds with WNW–ESE and NNE–SSW-oriented axes, as well as two related axial plane crenulation cleavages. These relatively brittle to ductile-brittle second phase structures have been identified in many areas of the Iberian Pyrite Belt, and especially in the southern limb of the Puebla de Guzmán Antiform. The second phase thrusts reported from the Puebla de Guzmán Antiform have not been folded according to both the geological map of the area and the analysis of maximum shortening and stretching axes.
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Fold-and-thrust belts occur worldwide, have formed in all eras of geological time, and are widely recognized as the most common mode in which the crust accommodates shortening. Much current research on the structure of fold-and-thrust belts is focused on structural studies of regions or individual structures and on the geometry and evolution of these regions employing kinematic, mechanical and experimental modelling. In keeping with the main trends of current research, this title is devoted to the kinematic evolution and structural styles of a number of fold-and-thrust belts formed from Palaeozoic to Recent times. The papers included in this book cover a broad range of different topics, from modelling approaches to predict internal deformation of single structures, 3D reconstructions to decipher the structural evolution of groups of structures, palaeomagnetic studies of portions of fold-and-thrust belts, geometrical and kinematical aspects of Coulomb thrust wedges and structural analyses of fold-and-thrust belts to unravel their sequence of deformations.