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Book Chapter

Progressive deformation of a Coulomb thrust wedge: the eastern Fuegian Andes Thrust–Fold Belt

By
Pablo J. Torres Carbonell
Pablo J. Torres Carbonell
Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC), CONICETBernardo Houssay 200, (9410) Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego,Argentina
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Luis V. Dimieri
Luis V. Dimieri
Instituto Geológico del Sur (INGEOSUR), CONICET and Departamento de Geología,Universidad Nacional del SurSan Juan 670, (8000) Bahía Blanca,Argentina
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Eduardo B. Olivero
Eduardo B. Olivero
Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC), CONICETBernardo Houssay 200, (9410) Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego,Argentina
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Time-calibrated balanced-cross sections of the eastern Fuegian Thrust–Fold Belt reveal many complex pro- and retro-vergent structures, rooted at the base of Cretaceous and within Paleocene rocks. These structures involve the unconformity-bounded syntectonic sequences of the Austral foreland basin, and accommodate a minimum shortening of c. 41.8 km. The complex kinematics of the thrust–fold belt are recorded by: (1) propagation of the basal décollement into the foreland, and forward-directed thrusting during the Ypresian; (2) out-of-sequence thrusting in the Lutetian; (3) subsidence and sedimentation from the Late Lutetian to the Oligocene; (4) backthrusting during the Oligocene; and (5) a renewed stage of forward-directed thrusting between the latest Oligocene and the Early Miocene, probably related to accretion below the sole fault in the hinterland. This thrust sequence is interpreted as the result of critical Coulomb wedge behaviour during the first stage of thrust–fold belt expansion, with accretion of new material that led to a taper decrease. The subsequent period of internal deformation corresponds to a subcritical stage, during which backthrusting accommodates significant shortening (c. 15%). After growth and taper increase, the last period of forward thrusting at the wedge's front marks the inception of a new critical stage.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Kinematic Evolution and Structural Styles of Fold-and-Thrust Belts

J. Poblet
J. Poblet
Universidad de Oviedo, Spain
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R. J. Lisle
R. J. Lisle
Cardiff University, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
349
ISBN electronic:
9781862395978
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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