Kinematic evolution of the eastern Tethyan Himalaya: constraints from magnetic fabric and structural properties of the Triassic flysch in SE Tibet
Borja Antolín, Erwin Appel, Chiara Montomoli, István Dunkl, Lin Ding, Richard Gloaguen, Rachida El Bay, 2011. "Kinematic evolution of the eastern Tethyan Himalaya: constraints from magnetic fabric and structural properties of the Triassic flysch in SE Tibet", Kinematic Evolution and Structural Styles of Fold-and-Thrust Belts, J. Poblet, R. J. Lisle
Download citation file:
Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) combined with structural analysis are used in this work with the aim to characterize the tectonic evolution of the Triassic flysch within the eastern Tethyan Himalaya Thrust Belt in SE Tibet. The attitude of the magnetic foliation and lineation are concordant with the planar and linear structures of tectonic origin defined by the preferred orientation of the iron-bearing silicates. Two different tectonic domains can be defined: (a) the southern domain is controlled by the Eohimalayan tectonic foliation (S1) recorded in the magnetic foliation which trends east–west and dips to the north; (b) the northern domain is dominated by the Neohimalayan magnetic foliation with WNW–ESE strike and dips to the south opposite to the vergence of the main structures. A slightly prolate magnetic ellipsoid has been found in between the two domains recording the intersection of S1 and the subtle development of the S2 tectonic foliation. Hinterland propagation of the deformation lead to the Great Counter backthrust generation, pointed out by the SSW steeply plunging magnetic lineation. Furthermore different orientations of magnetic foliation may indicate an Early Miocene c. 20° clockwise vertical-axis rotation.