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Geochemical characteristics of Miocene Fe-Cu–Pb–Zn granitoids associated mineralization in the Chichibu skarn deposit (central Japan): evidence for magmatic fluids generation coexisting with granitic melt

By
D. Ishiyama
D. Ishiyama
Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, Akita, Japan
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M. Miyata
M. Miyata
Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, Akita, Japan
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S. Shibata
S. Shibata
Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, Akita, Japan
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H. Satoh
H. Satoh
Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, Akita, Japan
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T. Mizuta
T. Mizuta
Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, Akita, Japan
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M. Fukuyama
M. Fukuyama
Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, 128 Academia Road Sec. 2, Nankang Taipei 115Taiwan, ROC
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M. Ogasawara
M. Ogasawara
Geological Survey of Japan, Higashi 1-1-1 Central 7, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

In this work we study mechanisms and timing of magmatic fluid generation during magma emplacement. Our focus is the Miocene calc-alkaline granitic rocks from the Chichibu mining area, in Japan. The granitoids consist of northern and southern Bodies and of the Daikoku Altered stocks. Cathodoluminescence observation of quartz phenocrysts from the northern body point towards magmatic resorption, which is thought to be caused by mixing between a more differentiated and a more primitive magma. The coexistence of vapour-rich two-phase and halite-bearing polyphase fluid inclusions in a single quartz crystal from the northern Body supports the possibility of pressure decrease during magma emplacement. The magmatic fluids that originated the Chichibu deposit are thought to have been generated by pressure release, related to magmatic differentiation when the SiO2-content reaches about 65 wt%. As a result, heavy metals, such as copper, gold and arsenic, coexisting with the silicate melt, were transported into the sedimentary strata through degassing of magmatic fluids. A later major fault system caused the intercalation between heavy-metal-free limestone and orebodies, as a secondary skarn-building process took place in the dominant limestone area.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Granite-Related Ore Deposits

A. N. Sial
A. N. Sial
Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
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J. S. Bettencourt
J. S. Bettencourt
Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
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C. P. De Campos
C. P. De Campos
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany
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V. P. Ferreira
V. P. Ferreira
Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
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Geological Society of London
Volume
350
ISBN electronic:
9781862395985
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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