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Book Chapter

Controls and evolution of facies patterns in the Upper Barremian–Albian Levant Platform in North Sinai and North Israel

By
Martina Bachmann
Martina Bachmann
Department of Geosciences
,
Bremen University
,
P.O. Box 330440, 28334 Bremen
,
Germany
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;
Jochen Kuss
Jochen Kuss
Department of Geosciences
,
Bremen University
,
P.O. Box 330440, 28334 Bremen
,
Germany
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;
Jens Lehmann
Jens Lehmann
Department of Geosciences
,
Bremen University
,
P.O. Box 330440, 28334 Bremen
,
Germany
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Published:
January 01, 2010

Abstract

The Upper Barremian–Albian Levant Platform was studied in North Sinai and Israel (Galilee and Golan Heights) by bio- and lithostratigraphy, facies analyses, and sequence stratigraphy. Integrating shallow-marine benthic foraminifera (mainly orbitolines), ammonite, and stable isotope data resulted in a detailed stratigraphic chart. Transects across the shallow shelf in both regions are based on facies analysis and form the basis for depositional models. In both transects five platform stages (PS I–V) were identified, which differ significantly in their stratigraphic architecture, mainly controlled by local tectonics, climate and second-order sea-level changes. In North Sinai, a transition from a shallow-shelf that is structured by sub-basins through a homoclinal ramp into a flat toped platform is recognized, while the sections in North Israel show a transition from a homoclinal ramp into a fringing platform. Local normal faults influenced the depositional architecture of the Upper Barremian–Lower Aptian strata in North Sinai and were attributed to syn-rift extensional tectonics. Four second-order sequence boundaries were identified, bounding Mid-Cretaceous Levant depositional sequences. These well-dated second-order sequence boundaries are MCL-1 (Late Barremian), MCL-2 (earliest Late Aptian), MCL-3 (Lower Albian), and MCL-4 (Late Albian). The sea-level history of the Levant Platform reflects the Late Aptian–Albian global long-term transgression, while the second-order sea-level changes show good correlation with those described from the Arabian plate.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Evolution of the Levant Margin and Western Arabia Platform since the Mesozoic

C. Homberg
C. Homberg
University Pierre et Marie Curie, France
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;
M. Bachmann
M. Bachmann
University of Bremen, Germany
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Geological Society of London
Volume
341
ISBN electronic:
9781862395893
Publication date:
January 01, 2010

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