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Abstract

This review advances understanding of the palynostratigraphy of the Late Triassic–Early Jurassic by correlating the established palynozonations for the northern and southern hemispheres. Previous palynological studies have contributed greatly to our understanding of the biostratigraphy, paleoclimatology and paleogeography of the Upper Triassic. In general, palynology is a good tool for interregional cross-correlation of marine and non-marine successions because palynomorphs, unlike most of other fossils, commonly are present in continental and marine environments. Currently, however, biostratigraphical resolution based on Upper Triassic palynomorph assemblages is rather low, primarily because of the rarity of successions that are independently dated (i.e. via ammonoids, conodonts, isotopes, paleomagnetism) to correlate the palynomorph assemblages, but also for other reasons, such as microfloristic provincialism, palaeoenvironmental conditions and differential preservation of palynomorph assemblages. During the last few decades many palynological studies have attempted to integrate and improve the biostratigraphical correlations and paleoclimatologic reconstructions across the Triassic–Jurassic boundary. Several authors have recognized specific microfloral assemblages with well-defined and recognizable suites of palynomorphs that enhance the importance of palynomorphs in the definition of Triassic–Jurassic stages. Comparison of the palynomorph assemblages from different biostratigraphical stages demonstrates that a change occurred in the palynofloral composition of the Tethyan domain between the Carnian and the earliest Hettangian that was gradual and without abrupt changes.

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