Triassic radiolarian biostratigraphy
Published:January 01, 2010
This paper summarizes 30 years of research on the biostratigraphy of Triassic radiolarians and presents a correlation of currently-used radiolarian zonations established in North America, Europe, Japan and Far East Russia. An up-to-date stratigraphic distribution of all hitherto described and still valid Triassic genera is provided. This new range chart consists of 282 genera and allows an accurate dating to substage level. It also clearly manifests general trends in radiolarian evolution through the Triassic. The end-Permian extinction, the most severe extinction in the history of radiolarians, was followed by a long recovery until the early Anisian. The middle and late Anisian were then characterized by a rapid explosion of new morphologies. Maximum generic diversity was attained during the early Carnian, but the first severe extinctions also occurred in the Carnian. A progressive decline of diversity took place through the Norian and Rhaetian, and ended in a mass extinction around the Triassic–Jurassic boundary.
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The Triassic Timescale
The Mesozoic Era begins with the approximately 50-million-year-long Triassic Period, a major juncture in Earth history when the vast Pangaean supercontinent completed its assembly and began its fragmentation, and the global biota diversified and modernized after the end-Permian mass extinction, the most extensive biotic decimation of the Phanerozoic. The temporal ordering of geological and biotic events during Triassic time thus is critical to the interpretation of some unique and pivotal events in Earth history. This temporal ordering is mostly based on the Triassic timescale, which has been developed and refined for nearly two centuries. This book reviews the state of the art of the Triassic timescale and includes comprehensive analyses of Triassic radio-isotopic ages, magnetostratigraphy, isotope-based and cyclostratigraphic correlations and timescale -relevant marine and non-marine biostratigraphy.