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Abstract

The 13 presently known genera of Late Devonian tetrapods are situated in the recently completed miospore zonation of Western Gondwana and Euramerica, in relation to the standard conodont zonation. Some of them are still unprecisely dated. The stratigraphic sequences of East Greenland, North China and East Australia are briefly reviewed to discuss the age of the tetrapods collected there and to analyse consequences in relation to the Frasnian–Famennian and Devonian–Carboniferous boundaries. Two episodes of biodiversification seem to have occurred: the first in the Frasnian and the second in the late and latest Famennian. Due to the currently known fossil evidence, the consensus scenario advocates a late Middle Devonian to early Late Devonian origin of tetrapods on the Old Red Sandstone Continent (Euramerica) at a time of warm climate and recovering atmospheric oxygen level during the building of a pre-Pangaean configuration of landmasses.

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