On the use of eggshell lime and tuffeau powder to formulate an appropriate mortar for restoration purposes
Kévin Beck, Xavier Brunetaud, Jean-Didier Mertz, Muzahim Al-Mukhtar, 2010. "On the use of eggshell lime and tuffeau powder to formulate an appropriate mortar for restoration purposes", Limestone in the Built Environment: Present-Day Challenges for the Preservation of the Past, B. J. Smith, M. Gomez-Heras, H. A. Viles, J. Cassar
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Preservation of cultural heritage, especially historic monuments, is a vital task. In addition, waste recovery is an essential goal of sustainable development. In this study the properties of a food waste, eggshells, and a quarry waste, powder obtained from stone-extraction operations, are evaluated in terms of their possible use in restoration mortar.
An excellent lime has been developed based on eggshell calcination. A lime-based mortar exclusively composed of this eggshell lime and tuffeau powder was developed and characterized in order to demonstrate its compatibility with restoration works. To pursue this objective, microstructural, physical and mechanical properties were investigated and compared to those of the tuffeau limestone.
The tested formulation using tuffeau powder was found to meet compatibility requirements up until the hygrometric environment lowered the water content of the mortar. The desiccation of the mortar can then generate shrinkage cracks leading to mortar crumbling. As a consequence, hygrometric susceptibility of the mortar is an essential parameter to be investigated in order to study the durability of lime-based mortars made out of limestone powder.
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Limestone is a highly successful and widely used building material, found in many important historic buildings and new monuments around the world. Whilst its success reflects its durability under a wide range of environmental conditions, there are still important questions surrounding the selection, use and conservation of building limestones. In order to make best use of new limestone today, and to conserve old limestone most effectively, we need to bring modern research methods to bear on understanding the characteristics of different limestones, what mortars to use, and how key limestones have responded to polluted atmospheres. This volume brings together recent inter-disciplinary research on these issues, illustrating the diversity of innovative techniques that are now being applied to furthering our understanding of building limestones.