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Abstract

40Ar/39Ar apparent age spectra have been measured for unusually retentive potassium feldspars (K-feldspar) from the South Cyclades Shear Zone, Ios, Greece. Our results imply that the Argon Partial Retention Zone (Ar PRZ) for the most retentive domains in potassium K-feldspar can expand into the ductile regime, even when temperatures in excess of about 400–450 °C apply. In such cases K-feldspar could be used as a geochronometer to estimate the timing and duration of deformation and metamorphism events. Therefore, we have reassessed traditional methods used to analyse Arrhenius plots by simulating the effect of step-heating experiments on argon loss. Fractal multidomain diffusion models were used, with theoretical distributions of diffusion domain size and volume. We discovered a Fundamental Asymmetry Principle that offers objective constraints on slope fitting to allow an analysis to be consistent with the multidomain diffusion hypothesis, and which consistently leads to the estimation of higher activation energies. Reanalysis of existing datasets is encouraged to allow reassessment of the significance of the average values reported. Retentive diffusion parameters for K-feldspar might prove to be commonplace.

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