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Book Chapter

Ornamental stones in the cultural heritage of Campania region (southern Italy): the Vitulano marbles

By
Francesco Allocca
Francesco Allocca
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
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Domenico Calcaterra
Domenico Calcaterra
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Idraulica, Geotecnica ed Ambientale, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
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Gabriella Calicchio
Gabriella Calicchio
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
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Piergiulio Cappelletti
Piergiulio Cappelletti
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
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Abner Colella
Abner Colella
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
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Alessio Langella
Alessio Langella
Dipartimento di Studi Geologici e Ambientali, Università del Sannio, Naples, Italy
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Maurizio de' Gennaro
Maurizio de' Gennaro
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy
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Published:
January 01, 2010

Abstract

The marbles exploited between Vitulano and Cautano (Benevento province, Campania region, Italy), have been widely utilized (at least from the 18th to the beginning of the 20th century) in several important monumental buildings of the region, due to their good properties and peculiar aesthetic qualities. They are limestones deriving from the filling of palaeo-cavities, carved into an emerged Cretaceous calcareous platform, by calcareous breccias, bauxite and alabastrine deposits. Such cavities are the result of both jointing and karst processes. The studied outcrops of the Vitulano Marbles are affected by a complex joint pattern in terms of attitude and spacing, which results in rock blocks highly variable in volume. Regarding the mineralogical composition, calcite is definitely predominant whereas the insoluble residue is constituted by low amounts of dolomite, bohemite, ematite and kaolinite. The petrophysical characterization put in evidence fairly good geomechanical properties, only partly affected by the geostructural anisotropy of the rock.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Natural Stone Resources for Historical Monuments

R Přikryl
R Přikryl
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Á Török
Á Török
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Geological Society of London
Volume
333
ISBN electronic:
9781862395817
Publication date:
January 01, 2010

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