The ‘Infracambrian System’ in the southwestern margin of Gondwana, southern South America
Published:January 01, 2009
J. C. Hlebszevitsch, I. Gebhard, C. E. Cruz, V. Consoli, 2009. "The ‘Infracambrian System’ in the southwestern margin of Gondwana, southern South America", Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa, J. Craig, J. Thurow, B. Thusu, A. Whitham, Y. Abutarruma
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The classical definition of ‘Infracambrian’ that refers strictly to sequences of Proterozoic age is not applicable in southwestern Gondwana. In this paper the term ‘Infracambrian’ is used to define the sequences deposited during the Pampean orogenic cycle, which extends until the Cambrian period.
A classification of Infracambrian basins is proposed based on location, level of preservation and perceived petroleum potential. Only the eastern basins of the South American plate have potentially significant exploration potential.
Two Neoproterozoic petroleum systems have been identified in the eastern basins: a Riphean system, developed on the western margin of the San Francisco Craton, in the San Francisco Basin of Brazil; and a Vendian system, developed on the eastern margin of the Amazonia–Río de la Plata cratons, in the Corumbá Basin of Brazil and Paraguay. The Riphean system is reportedly proven by a well test drilled by Petrobras. An active Vendian petroleum system is proven by the presence of oil seeps within fractured limestones. A Vendian petroleum system is proposed for the Claromecó Basin of Argentina based on the correlation of the Vendian and Riphean sequences.
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Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa
Neoproterozoic successions are major hydrocarbon producers around the world. In North Africa, large basins with significant surface outcrops and thick sedimentary fills are widespread. These basins are now emerging as potential sources of hydrocarbons and are attracting interest from geological researchers in academia and the oil and gas industry.
This volume focuses on recent developments in the understanding and correlation of North African basin fills and explores novel approaches to prospecting for source and reservoir rocks. The papers cover aspects of petroleum prospectivity and age-equivalent global petroleum systems, Neoproterozoic tectonics and palaeogeography, sequence stratigraphy, glacial events and global climatic models, faunal and floral evolution and the deposition of source rocks.
The broader aim of this volume is to compare major environmental change, the emergence of life, the global carbon cycle and the implications for hydrocarbon exploration of well-studied Neoproterozoic successions worldwide.