Upper Vendian-lowest Ordovician sequences of the western Gondwana margin, NE Spain
Published:January 01, 2009
José A. Gámez Vintaned, Ulrich Schmitz, Eladio Liñán, 2009. "Upper Vendian-lowest Ordovician sequences of the western Gondwana margin, NE Spain", Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa, J. Craig, J. Thurow, B. Thusu, A. Whitham, Y. Abutarruma
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The intra-Vendian (Ediacaran)–intra-Tremadocian succession of the Cadenas Ibéricas in NE Spain is divided into nine sequences. Overall, these are interpreted as second-order sequences. Those that encompass Lower and lower Middle Cambrian carbonates, with identified transgressive systems tract (TST) and highstand systems tract (HST) phases, may constitute elements of composite sequences. The lowermost sequence is of Late Vendian age. In Lower and lower Middle Cambrian units, sequence tops indicate drowning, reflecting extensional tectonics. Rifting effects are traceable up to mid-Mid Cambrian times. The remaining sequences probably represent a sag phase, either accentuating the preceding extensional local basin regime or heralding the Gondwana passive margin stage. Of the southerly Gondwana deposits those of other areas of the Iberian Peninsula and of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas fold belt show similar conditions during the Early Cambrian, that is, an Early Cambrian extensional regime, and, as for the Moroccan fold belt, four sequences imaging TST and HST phases.
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Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa
Neoproterozoic successions are major hydrocarbon producers around the world. In North Africa, large basins with significant surface outcrops and thick sedimentary fills are widespread. These basins are now emerging as potential sources of hydrocarbons and are attracting interest from geological researchers in academia and the oil and gas industry.
This volume focuses on recent developments in the understanding and correlation of North African basin fills and explores novel approaches to prospecting for source and reservoir rocks. The papers cover aspects of petroleum prospectivity and age-equivalent global petroleum systems, Neoproterozoic tectonics and palaeogeography, sequence stratigraphy, glacial events and global climatic models, faunal and floral evolution and the deposition of source rocks.
The broader aim of this volume is to compare major environmental change, the emergence of life, the global carbon cycle and the implications for hydrocarbon exploration of well-studied Neoproterozoic successions worldwide.