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Abstract

The intra-Vendian (Ediacaran)–intra-Tremadocian succession of the Cadenas Ibéricas in NE Spain is divided into nine sequences. Overall, these are interpreted as second-order sequences. Those that encompass Lower and lower Middle Cambrian carbonates, with identified transgressive systems tract (TST) and highstand systems tract (HST) phases, may constitute elements of composite sequences. The lowermost sequence is of Late Vendian age. In Lower and lower Middle Cambrian units, sequence tops indicate drowning, reflecting extensional tectonics. Rifting effects are traceable up to mid-Mid Cambrian times. The remaining sequences probably represent a sag phase, either accentuating the preceding extensional local basin regime or heralding the Gondwana passive margin stage. Of the southerly Gondwana deposits those of other areas of the Iberian Peninsula and of the Moroccan Anti-Atlas fold belt show similar conditions during the Early Cambrian, that is, an Early Cambrian extensional regime, and, as for the Moroccan fold belt, four sequences imaging TST and HST phases.

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