Infracambrian petroleum play elements of the NE Taoudenni Basin (Algeria)
Published:January 01, 2009
A. Rahmani, A. Goucem, S. Boukhallat, N. Saadallah, 2009. "Infracambrian petroleum play elements of the NE Taoudenni Basin (Algeria)", Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa, J. Craig, J. Thurow, B. Thusu, A. Whitham, Y. Abutarruma
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The Taoudenni Basin, North Africa's largest sedimentary basin, is located in western Mauritania, northern Mali and southwestern Algeria. Of the four petroleum wildcat wells drilled to date, the Abolag-1 well, Mauritania, yielded gas shows in Infracambrian (Neoproterozoic) stromatolitic carbonates. We present details of the different plays of the basin from the Chenachène region in Algeria. The Infracambrian is generally composed of three sedimentary packages: a basal sandstone (a unit of the Douik Group), overlain by carbonates (the Hank Group), sandstones and shales (the Dar Echeikh Group). The play is sourced by Infracambrian organic-rich black shales. In neighbouring Mauritania these were penetrated by water wells and shallow boreholes, containing in places >20% TOC. In the Hank Group the best reservoirs are associated with fractured intervals. The Dar Echeikh Group includes several potential reservoir units with porosities of up to 26%. Potential petroleum trap types in the Algerian part of the Taoudenni Basin are associated with folds, the basal Palaeozoic unconformity, and Infracambrian and Triassic–Jurassic half-graben.
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Global Neoproterozoic Petroleum Systems: The Emerging Potential in North Africa
Neoproterozoic successions are major hydrocarbon producers around the world. In North Africa, large basins with significant surface outcrops and thick sedimentary fills are widespread. These basins are now emerging as potential sources of hydrocarbons and are attracting interest from geological researchers in academia and the oil and gas industry.
This volume focuses on recent developments in the understanding and correlation of North African basin fills and explores novel approaches to prospecting for source and reservoir rocks. The papers cover aspects of petroleum prospectivity and age-equivalent global petroleum systems, Neoproterozoic tectonics and palaeogeography, sequence stratigraphy, glacial events and global climatic models, faunal and floral evolution and the deposition of source rocks.
The broader aim of this volume is to compare major environmental change, the emergence of life, the global carbon cycle and the implications for hydrocarbon exploration of well-studied Neoproterozoic successions worldwide.