Structure and evolution of the western Corinth Rift, through new field data from the Northern Peloponnesus
Published:January 01, 2009
Emmanuel Skourtsos, Haralambos Kranis, 2009. "Structure and evolution of the western Corinth Rift, through new field data from the Northern Peloponnesus", Extending a Continent: Architecture, Rheology and Heat Budget, U. Ring, B. Wernicke
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Extensional structures with geometrical and kinematic features analogous to the known Gulf of Corinth faults, are found further to the south of what is considered to be the southern margin of the of Proto-Corinth Gulf, reaching south to the northern flanks of Mt Mainalon. This mountain front is marked by the North Mainalon Fault Zone, which comprises a series of normal fault segments with NNE dips. Assuming a listric or ramp-flat geometry for the North Mainalon Fault Zone, it could flatten at a depth of 6–8 km, underneath Mt Khelmos. Its southern, shallow part has been truncated by NNE- and NNW-trending faults, which may be linked to northward propagation of the east–west extension in the Southern Peloponnesus, causing further uplift in the central and northern Peloponnesus, while its deeper part is still active and may reach further north and sole onto the hypothesized detachment zone beneath the Gulf of Corinth.
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Extending a Continent: Architecture, Rheology and Heat Budget
Over the last three decades, there has been a growing appreciation of the role of extensional tectonics in convergent orogens. The opening contribution to this book, by Brian Wernicke, provides a flavour of how this ‘detachment era’ has changed our views on tectonometamorphic relationships in mountain belts. This introduction provides a historical account on how our views on large-scale tectonic contacts in mountain belts have changed over the years. Wernicke concludes that controversy still persists over the existence and mechanics of slip on shallowly dipping extensional detachments, although incontrovertible field evidence indicates that slip on shallowly dipping extensional faults occurs in nature. Other papers in the volume provide a mix of new, innovative and controversial ideas that may help to solve the mechanical paradox on slip on shallowly dipping extensional detachments and quantitative case studies from New Zealand, the Aegean extensional province, the Alps and Finland.