Nils-Axel Mörner, 2009. "Late Holocene earthquake geology in Sweden", Palaeoseismology: Historical and Prehistorical Records of Earthquake Ground Effects for Seismic Hazard Assessment, K. Reicherter, A. M. Michetti, P. G. Silva
Download citation file:
As a function of the rapid rate of glacial isostatic uplift, deglacial palaeoseismicity in Sweden was exceptionally high, in magnitude as well as frequency. Today, seismic activity is low to moderately low with occasional events reaching M 4–5. In the Late Holocene, 11 events in the order of M 6–7 are recorded. These palaeoseismic events seem also to be recorded in several old place names, as in the tale of the Fenris Wolf. Some of the events generated local to regional tsunamis. The palaeoseismic activity recorded in Late Holocene time implies that our short-term seismic hazard assessment must include the possibility of future events in the order of up to M 7. For long-term hazard assessment, repeating glacial/deglacial phases, we must work with magnitudes of M 8 to 9.
Figures & Tables
Palaeoseismology: Historical and Prehistorical Records of Earthquake Ground Effects for Seismic Hazard Assessment
Given the tremendous toll in human lives and attendant economic losses, it is appropriate that scientists are working hard to understand better earthquakes, with the aim of forecasting and, ultimately, predicting them.
In the last decades increasing attention has been paid to the coseismic effects on the natural environment, creating a solid base of empirical data for the estimation of source parameters of strong earthquakes based on geological observations. The recently introduced INQUA scale (Environmental Seismic Intensity–ESI 2007 Scale) of macroseismic intensity clearly shows how the systematic study of earthquake surface faulting, coseismic liquefaction, tsunami deposits and other primary and secondary ground effects can be integrated with “traditional” seismological and tectonic information to provide a better understanding of the seismicity level of an area and the associated hazards. At the moment this is the only scientific means of equating the seismic records to the seismic cycle time-spans extending the seismic catalogues even to tens of thousands of years, improving future seismic hazard analyses.
This Special Publication covers some of the latest multidisciplinary work undertaken to achieve that aim. Eighteen papers from research groups from all continents address a wide range of topics related both to palaeoseismological studies and assessment of macroseismic intensity based only on the natural phenomena associated with an earthquake.