Multiscale geological reservoir modelling in practice
Published:January 01, 2008
Philip S. Ringrose, Allard W. Martinius, Jostein Alvestad, 2008. "Multiscale geological reservoir modelling in practice", The Future of Geological Modelling in Hydrocarbon Development, A. Robinson, P. Griffiths, J. Price, J. Hegre, A. Muggeridge
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Geological systems exhibit variability and structure at a wide range of scales. Geological modelling of subsurface petroleum reservoirs has generally focused on the larger scales, driven by the types of measurement available and by computation limitations. Implementation of explicitly multiscale models of petroleum reservoirs is now realistically achievable and has proven value. This paper reviews the main approaches involved and discusses current limitations and challenges for routine implementation of multiscale modelling of petroleum-bearing rock systems. The main questions addressed are: (a) how many scales to model and upscale; (b) which scales to focus on; (c) how to best construct model grids; and (d) which heterogeneities matter most? The main future challenges identified are the need for improved handling of variance and more automated construction of geological and simulation grids.
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The Future of Geological Modelling in Hydrocarbon Development
The 3D geological model is still regarded as one of the newest and most innovative tools for reservoir management purposes. The computer modelling of structures, rock properties and fluid flow in hydrocarbon reservoirs has evolved from a specialist activity to part of the standard desktop toolkit. The application of these techniques has allowed all disciplines of the subsurface team to collaborate in a common workspace. In today’s asset teams, the role of the geological model in hydrocarbon development planning is key and will be for some time ahead.
The challenges that face the geologists and engineers will be to provide more seamless interaction between static and dynamic models. This interaction requires the development of conventional and unconventional modelling algorithms and methodologies in order to provide more risk-assessed scenarios, thus enabling geologists and engineers to better understand and capture inherent uncertainties at each aspect of the geological model’s life.