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Building geologically realistic reservoir models that honour well data and seismic-derived information remains a major challenge. Conventional variogram-based modelling techniques typically fail to capture complex geological structures while object-based techniques are limited by the amount of conditioning data. This paper presents new reservoir facies modelling tools that improve both model quality and efficiency relative to traditional geostatistical techniques. Geostatistical simulation using Multiple-Point Statistics (MPS) is an innovative depositional facies modelling technique that uses conceptual geological models as training images to integrate geological information into reservoir models. Replacing the two-point statistic variogram with multiple-point statistics extracted from a training image enables to model non-linear facies geobody shapes such as sinuous channels, and to capture complex spatial relationships between multiple facies. In addition, because the MPS algorithm is pixel-based, it can handle a large amount of conditioning data, including many wells, seismic data, facies proportion maps and curves, variable azimuth maps, and interpreted geobodies, thus reducing the uncertainty in facies spatial distribution. Facies Distribution Modelling (FDM) is a new technique to generate facies probability cubes from user-digitized depositional maps and cross-sections, well data, and vertical facies proportion curves. Facies probability cubes generated by FDM are used as soft constraints in MPS geostatistical modelling. They are critical, especially with sparse well data, to ensure that the spatial distribution of the simulated facies is consistent with the depositional facies interpretation of the field. A workflow combining MPS and FDM has been successfully used in Chevron to model important oilfield assets in both shallow- and deep-water depositional environments. Sedimentary environments can be characterized by a succession of deposition of elements, or rock bodies, through time. These elements are traditionally grouped into classes, commonly named ‘depositional facies’, based on their lithology, petrophysical properties, and biological structures. For example, the typical depositional facies encountered in fluvial environments are high permeability sand channels, with levées and crevasse splays, having a more variable range of permeability and net-to-gross ratio, within a background of low permeability shaley facies.

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