Geology and Religion: A History of Harmony and Hostility
For thousands of years, religious ideas have shaped the thoughts and actions of human beings. Many of the early geological concepts were initially developed within this context. The long-standing relationship between geology and religious thought, which has been sometimes indifferent, sometimes fruitful and sometimes full of conflict, is discussed from a historical point of view. This relationship continues into the present. Although Christian fundamentalists attack evolution and related palaeontological findings as well as the geological evidence for the age of the Earth, mainstream theologians strive for a fruitful dialogue between science and religion. Much of what is written and discussed today can only be understood within the historical perspective.
This book considers the development of geology from mythological approaches towards the European Enlightenment, biblical or geological Flood and the age of the Earth, geology within ‘religious’ organizations, biographical case studies of geological clerics and religious geologists, religion and evolution, and historical aspects of creationism and its motives.
Franz Unger and Sebastian Brunner on evolution and the visualization of Earth history; a debate between liberal and conservative Catholics
Published:January 01, 2009
Marianne Klemun, 2009. "Franz Unger and Sebastian Brunner on evolution and the visualization of Earth history; a debate between liberal and conservative Catholics", Geology and Religion: A History of Harmony and Hostility, Martina Kölbl-Ebert
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The point of departure for this study of the debate on links between sciences and religion is a church newspaper that appeared in Vienna after the revolution of 1848. In it we find the arguments of a particularly conservative journalist and priest (Brunner) who attacked scientific topics, such as evolution and the position of Franz Unger (1800–1871), who was a professor at the University of Vienna and who is a well-known figure in the history of science, because of his numerous contributions to cellular biology, plant physiology, biogeography and palaeobotany, and most of all because of his surveys of...