The consequences of fluid motion in volcanic conduits
Published:January 01, 2008
Jennie S. Gilbert, Stephen J. Lane, 2008. "The consequences of fluid motion in volcanic conduits", Fluid Motions in Volcanic Conduits: A Source of Seismic and Acoustic Signals, S. J. Lane, J. S. Gilbert
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When volcanoes are active, there are characteristic signs such as ground movement, sounds, heat and ejected material. Each of these signs is a result of, and hence an information source for, fluid motion in volcanic conduits. Here we briefly review some of the links between these signs and fluid flow processes and suggest future directions that should allow advancement of eruption forecasting as these links become understood more fully. Cross-fertilization between increasingly realistic numerical and experimental models, diverse geophysical data sources, and chemical and physical evidence in eruptive products can be achieved by simultaneously applying these approaches to well-studied volcanoes.
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Fluid Motions in Volcanic Conduits: A Source of Seismic and Acoustic Signals
Volcanoes become active when fluids are in motion, and erupt when these fluids escape into the atmosphere. Volcanic fluids are a mixture of solid, liquid and gas. These mixtures result in a complex range of flow behaviour, especially during interaction with conduit geometry. These processes are not directly observable and must be inferred from interpretations of field observation and measurement. One of the outcomes of this complexity is the generation of pressure and force transients as high-density phases accelerate and decelerate during unsteady flow. These transients are one means of flexing the conduit wall, a process that manifests itself as ground motion and is detectable as volcano seismic signals. On eruption, volcanic fluids interact with the atmosphere and generate acoustic and thermal signals. In this Special Publication we present a series of papers based on field, numerical and experimental approaches that seek to establish links between geophysical signals and fluid motion in volcanic conduits.