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Abstract

Xenocrystic garnet and kyanite, in addition to clinopyroxene and rare orthopyroxene, are newly found to occur in middle Proterozoic slightly metamorphosed adakitic trondhjemites and tonalites (meta-tonalites) at Cape Hinode on the eastern Prince Olav Coast in the latest Proterozoic–Early Palaeozoic Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. Textural and compositional features of garnet and kyanite suggest that these minerals formed most probably as restite phases of partial melting of mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) between 15 and 20 kbar pressure, and were entrained by the tonalitic magmas, which underwent fractional crystallization upon ascent to form cumulates that were also entrained and metamorphosed to basic–intermediate granulite blocks. Available geochronological data for the meta-tonalites indicate that all these events including MORB formation took place in the middle Proterozoic. The meta-tonalites and associated basic, calc-silicate, and pelitic rocks were emplaced as an allochthonous block in the Lützow-Holm Complex at the waning stage of its main regional metamorphism, most probably as a part of the final amalgamation of East and West Gondwana into the Gondwana supercontinent.

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