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Abstract

The region comprising central to eastern Dronning Maud Land (2°W to 40°E), East Antarctica, is underlain by Mesoproterozoic to Cambrian metamorphic rocks and post-kinematic intrusive rocks with varied compositions. The post-kinematic mafic dykes linked to the Pan-African orogen include various types of lithologies: lamprophyre and lamproite in Mühlig-Hofmannfjella in central Dronning Maud Land and lamprophyre and high-K dolerite in the Sør Rondane Mountains in eastern Dronning Maud Land. Most of the mafic dykes have been weakly affected by low-grade metamorphism, but clearly preserve their igneous textures. The mafic dykes show a high abundance of Rb, Ba, Sr and light rare earth elements with negative anomalies of Nb, Ta and Ti in a multi-element primitive mantle-normalized diagram. The geochemical characteristics of the mafic dykes suggest that they were derived from a metasomatized mantle source leaving phlogopite, rutile and/or titanite as residual phases. Considering Sr and Nd isotopic systematics of the mafic dykes and the host metamorphic rocks and coeval felsic intrusive rocks, a large crustal boundary potentially related to a suture zone of West and East Gondwana should pass between Mühlig-Hofmannfjella and the Sør Rondane Mountains.

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