Geochemistry of post-kinematic mafic dykes from central to eastern Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica: evidence for a Pan-African suture in Dronning Maud Land
Masaaki Owada, Sotaro Baba, Yasuhito Osanai, Hiroo Kagami, 2008. "Geochemistry of post-kinematic mafic dykes from central to eastern Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica: evidence for a Pan-African suture in Dronning Maud Land", Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection, M. Satish-Kumar, Y. Motoyoshi, Y. Osanai, Y. Hiroi, K. Shiraishi
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The region comprising central to eastern Dronning Maud Land (2°W to 40°E), East Antarctica, is underlain by Mesoproterozoic to Cambrian metamorphic rocks and post-kinematic intrusive rocks with varied compositions. The post-kinematic mafic dykes linked to the Pan-African orogen include various types of lithologies: lamprophyre and lamproite in Mühlig-Hofmannfjella in central Dronning Maud Land and lamprophyre and high-K dolerite in the Sør Rondane Mountains in eastern Dronning Maud Land. Most of the mafic dykes have been weakly affected by low-grade metamorphism, but clearly preserve their igneous textures. The mafic dykes show a high abundance of Rb, Ba, Sr and light rare earth elements with negative anomalies of Nb, Ta and Ti in a multi-element primitive mantle-normalized diagram. The geochemical characteristics of the mafic dykes suggest that they were derived from a metasomatized mantle source leaving phlogopite, rutile and/or titanite as residual phases. Considering Sr and Nd isotopic systematics of the mafic dykes and the host metamorphic rocks and coeval felsic intrusive rocks, a large crustal boundary potentially related to a suture zone of West and East Gondwana should pass between Mühlig-Hofmannfjella and the Sør Rondane Mountains.
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Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection
Geological correlations of East Antarctica with adjoining continents have been puzzling geologists ever since the concept of a Gondwana supercontinent surfaced. Despite the paucity of outcrops because of ice cover, difficulty of access and extreme weather, the past 50 years of Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions (JARE) has successfully revealed vital elements of the geology of East Antarctica. This volume presents reviews and new research from localities across East Antarctica, especially from Dronning Maud Land to Enderby Land, where the geological record preserves a history that spans the Archaean and Proterozoic. The reviews include extensive bibliographies of results obtained by geologists who participated in the JARE. Comprehensive geological, petrological and geochemical studies, form a platform for future research on the formation and dispersion of Rodinia in the Mesoproterozoic and subsequent assembly of Gondwana in the Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic.