Magmatic evolution and tectonic setting of metabasites from Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica
Yoshimitsu Suda, Yoshinobu Kawano, Greg Yaxley, Hiroshi Korenaga, Yoshikuni Hiroi, 2008. "Magmatic evolution and tectonic setting of metabasites from Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica", Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection, M. Satish-Kumar, Y. Motoyoshi, Y. Osanai, Y. Hiroi, K. Shiraishi
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Metabasites from the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica, are the equivalent of metamorphosed ultramafic and mafic rocks with ultrabasic to intermediate compositions, which occur as layers and blocks in the quartzo-feldspathic or metasedimentary gneisses. Field occurrences and whole-rock geochemistry suggest that the ultramafic rocks are all cumulitic protoliths, whereas the mafic rocks are mostly basaltic protoliths including some cumulates. Moreover, in a regional context, the geochemistry of metabasites shifts from island arc to ocean-floor affinities in a southwesterly direction from the Prince Olav Coast to the Lützow-Holm Bay area. Neodymium isotopic data suggest that the metamorphic rocks from the Prince Olav Coast and the northern Lützow-Holm Bay areas were derived from immature continental crust formed by active Mesoproterozoic crustal growth, whereas those from the southern Lützow-Holm Bay area were derived from mature continental crust and oceanic crust of older age. Thus, these results suggest that the Lützow-Holm Complex includes lithological units with various origins and ages that were amalgamated by multiple subduction, and underwent high-grade metamorphism as a result of the final collision of East and West Gondwana during the Pan-African orogeny.
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Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection
Geological correlations of East Antarctica with adjoining continents have been puzzling geologists ever since the concept of a Gondwana supercontinent surfaced. Despite the paucity of outcrops because of ice cover, difficulty of access and extreme weather, the past 50 years of Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions (JARE) has successfully revealed vital elements of the geology of East Antarctica. This volume presents reviews and new research from localities across East Antarctica, especially from Dronning Maud Land to Enderby Land, where the geological record preserves a history that spans the Archaean and Proterozoic. The reviews include extensive bibliographies of results obtained by geologists who participated in the JARE. Comprehensive geological, petrological and geochemical studies, form a platform for future research on the formation and dispersion of Rodinia in the Mesoproterozoic and subsequent assembly of Gondwana in the Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic.