Pre-metamorphic carbon, oxygen and strontium isotope signature of high-grade marbles from the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica: apparent age constraints of carbonate deposition
M. Satish-Kumar, T. Miyamoto, J. Hermann, H. Kagami, Y. Osanai, Y. Motoyoshi, 2008. "Pre-metamorphic carbon, oxygen and strontium isotope signature of high-grade marbles from the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica: apparent age constraints of carbonate deposition", Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection, M. Satish-Kumar, Y. Motoyoshi, Y. Osanai, Y. Hiroi, K. Shiraishi
Download citation file:
C, O and Sr isotope geochemistry of high-grade marbles from the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica, has given clues on the depositional ages and post-depositional alterations. Dolomitic and calcitic marbles occur as thin layers with varying thickness (up to 100 m) in several outcrops in eastern Dronning Maud Land, most of which underwent post-depositional geochemical alterations. In particular, the Sr and O isotope alterations are extensive, with 87Sr/86Sr(550 Ma) ratios as high as 0.758 and δ18O values as low as −5‰. These data suggest that multiple stages of fluid–rock interaction processes during diagenesis, prograde to peak and retrograde metamorphic events have altered the depositional isotopic signatures. However, some of the marble layers, exceptionally, preserve pre-metamorphic geochemical characteristics, such as low Sr isotope ratios, high δ18O and δ13C values, and well-equilibrated unaltered trace and rare earth element patterns. Lowest 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratios of 0.7066 and 0.7053 with high δ13C and δ18O values suggest an apparent age of deposition around 730–830 Ma, although total geochemical resetting of carbonates by seawater of this age cannot be ruled out. The apparent depositional ages are consistent with carbonate deposition in the ‘Mozambique Ocean’ that separated East and West Gondwana.
Figures & Tables
Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection
Geological correlations of East Antarctica with adjoining continents have been puzzling geologists ever since the concept of a Gondwana supercontinent surfaced. Despite the paucity of outcrops because of ice cover, difficulty of access and extreme weather, the past 50 years of Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions (JARE) has successfully revealed vital elements of the geology of East Antarctica. This volume presents reviews and new research from localities across East Antarctica, especially from Dronning Maud Land to Enderby Land, where the geological record preserves a history that spans the Archaean and Proterozoic. The reviews include extensive bibliographies of results obtained by geologists who participated in the JARE. Comprehensive geological, petrological and geochemical studies, form a platform for future research on the formation and dispersion of Rodinia in the Mesoproterozoic and subsequent assembly of Gondwana in the Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic.