Macroscopic geological structures of the Napier and Rayner Complexes, East Antarctica
T. Toyoshima, Y. Osanai, Y. Nogi, 2008. "Macroscopic geological structures of the Napier and Rayner Complexes, East Antarctica", Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection, M. Satish-Kumar, Y. Motoyoshi, Y. Osanai, Y. Hiroi, K. Shiraishi
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This paper presents a form-line map of the Napier and Rayner Complexes, East Antarctica, constructed from attitude data for foliations shown on published geological maps, and discusses the macroscopic geological structures. The form-line map shows that the two complexes consist of several, structurally distinct, units or blocks bounded by east–west-, NE–SW- and NW–SE-striking faults. The major boundary between the two complexes, as indicated on the published geological maps, is a structural discontinuity shown as a large fault on the form-line map. On the form-line map, east–west- and NE–SW-trending folds are abundant and NW–SE-trending ones occur locally in both complexes. North–south-trending folds are also abundant in the Napier Complex. Dome-and-basin fold patterns on a regional scale occur in some regions. The regional strikes, macroscopic structures, and the major boundary between the two complexes are considered to have resulted from the same later deformation episode. The form-line map and distribution map of key mineral assemblages show that the Napier Complex is not uniform and includes at least two types of metamorphic units or fragments of the Archaean crust that were formed through distinct P–T–t evolutionary processes and divided by several faults.
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Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection
Geological correlations of East Antarctica with adjoining continents have been puzzling geologists ever since the concept of a Gondwana supercontinent surfaced. Despite the paucity of outcrops because of ice cover, difficulty of access and extreme weather, the past 50 years of Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions (JARE) has successfully revealed vital elements of the geology of East Antarctica. This volume presents reviews and new research from localities across East Antarctica, especially from Dronning Maud Land to Enderby Land, where the geological record preserves a history that spans the Archaean and Proterozoic. The reviews include extensive bibliographies of results obtained by geologists who participated in the JARE. Comprehensive geological, petrological and geochemical studies, form a platform for future research on the formation and dispersion of Rodinia in the Mesoproterozoic and subsequent assembly of Gondwana in the Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic.