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Abstract

This paper presents a form-line map of the Napier and Rayner Complexes, East Antarctica, constructed from attitude data for foliations shown on published geological maps, and discusses the macroscopic geological structures. The form-line map shows that the two complexes consist of several, structurally distinct, units or blocks bounded by east–west-, NE–SW- and NW–SE-striking faults. The major boundary between the two complexes, as indicated on the published geological maps, is a structural discontinuity shown as a large fault on the form-line map. On the form-line map, east–west- and NE–SW-trending folds are abundant and NW–SE-trending ones occur locally in both complexes. North–south-trending folds are also abundant in the Napier Complex. Dome-and-basin fold patterns on a regional scale occur in some regions. The regional strikes, macroscopic structures, and the major boundary between the two complexes are considered to have resulted from the same later deformation episode. The form-line map and distribution map of key mineral assemblages show that the Napier Complex is not uniform and includes at least two types of metamorphic units or fragments of the Archaean crust that were formed through distinct PTt evolutionary processes and divided by several faults.

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