Geochronological constraints on the Late Proterozoic to Cambrian crustal evolution of eastern Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica: a synthesis of SHRIMP U-Pb age and Nd model age data
Kazuyuki Shiraishi, Daniel J. Dunkley, Tomokazu Hokada, C. Mark Fanning, Hiroo Kagami, Takuji Hamamoto, 2008. "Geochronological constraints on the Late Proterozoic to Cambrian crustal evolution of eastern Dronning Maud Land, East Antarctica: a synthesis of SHRIMP U-Pb age and Nd model age data", Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection, M. Satish-Kumar, Y. Motoyoshi, Y. Osanai, Y. Hiroi, K. Shiraishi
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In eastern Dronning Maud Land (DML), East Antarctica, there are several discrete, isolated magmatic and high-grade metamorphic regions. These are, from west (c. 20°E) to east (c. 50°E), the Sør Rondane Mountains (SRM), Yamato–Belgica Complex (YBC), Lützow-Holm Complex (LHC), Rayner Complex (RC) and Napier Complex (NC). To understand this region in a Gondwanan context, one must distinguish between Pan-African and Grenvillian aged magmatic and metamorphic events. Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe U–Pb zircon ages and Nd model ages for metamorphic and plutonic rocks are examined in conjunction with published geological and petrological studies of the various terranes. In particular, the evolution of the SRM is examined in detail. Compilation of Nd model ages for new and published data suggests that the main part of eastern Dronning Maud Land, including the SRM, represents juvenile late Mesoproterozoic (c. 1000–1200 Ma) crust associated with minor fragments of an older continental component. Evidence for an Archaean component in the basement of the SRM is lacking. As for central DML, 1100–1200 Ma extensive felsic magmatism is recognized in the SRM. Deposition of sediments during or after magmatism and possible metamorphism at 800–700 Ma is recognized from populations of detrital zircon in metasedimentary rocks. The NE Terrane of the SRM, along with the YBC, was metamorphosed under granulite-facies conditions at c. 600–650 Ma. The SW and NE Terranes of the SRM were brought together during amphibolite-facies metamorphism at c. 570 Ma, and share a common metamorphic and magmatic history from that time. High-grade metamorphism was followed by extensive A-type granitoid activity and contact metamorphism between 560 and 500 Ma. In contrast, TDM and inherited zircon core ages suggest that the LHC is a collage of protoliths with a variety of Proterozoic and Archaean sources. Later peak metamorphism of the LHC at 520–550 Ma thus represents the final stage of Gondwanan amalgamation in this section of East Antarctica.
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Geodynamic Evolution of East Antarctica: A Key to the East–West Gondwana Connection
Geological correlations of East Antarctica with adjoining continents have been puzzling geologists ever since the concept of a Gondwana supercontinent surfaced. Despite the paucity of outcrops because of ice cover, difficulty of access and extreme weather, the past 50 years of Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions (JARE) has successfully revealed vital elements of the geology of East Antarctica. This volume presents reviews and new research from localities across East Antarctica, especially from Dronning Maud Land to Enderby Land, where the geological record preserves a history that spans the Archaean and Proterozoic. The reviews include extensive bibliographies of results obtained by geologists who participated in the JARE. Comprehensive geological, petrological and geochemical studies, form a platform for future research on the formation and dispersion of Rodinia in the Mesoproterozoic and subsequent assembly of Gondwana in the Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic.