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Bovine Mountain, at the south end of the Raft River-Grouse Creek-Albion Mountains metamorphic core complex, exposes Ordovician and Silurian carbonates and quartzites, six members in the Pennsylvanian and Permian Oquirrh Group, upper Eocene intrusive rocks, and upper Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Low-grade regional and contact metamorphism affected Oquirrh Group rocks, although Ordovician to Silurian units apparently are not metamorphosed.

A north-trending anticline, the Bovine fold, caused widespread overturning of units. A younger northeast-trending fold set is superimposed. Three sets of small-scale folds are recognized in the lowest member of the Oquirrh Group. The younger two small-scale fold sets probably formed coevally with the two known map-scale fold sets, but the earliest east-trending isoclinal recumbent small-scale fold set has no known map-scale equivalent at Bovine Mountain. The Bovine fold pre-dates a 38 m.y. old pluton.

Two faults at low-angles to bedding separate three structural plates. Devonian and Mississippian strata are structurally omitted along fault I, whereas fault II primarily follows bedding but also cuts out strata locally. Fault I is mapped at Bovine Mountain only on the overturned limb of the Bovine fold; fault II is inferred to exist in both overturned and upright limbs of that fold.

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