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Can the comparative study of the morphology and histology of the scales of Latimeria menadoensis and L. chalumnae (Sarcopterygii: Actinistia, Coelacanthidae) bring new insight on the taxonomy and the biogeography of recent coelacanthids?

By
François J. Meunier
François J. Meunier
UMR CNRS 5178 Biodiversité et dynamique des communautés aquatiques, Département des Milieux et Peuplements aquatiques, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 43 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France (e-mail: meunier@mnhn.fr)UMR CNRS 7179, Mécanismes adaptifs – squelette des vertébrés, UPMC, case 7077, 2 place Jussieu, 75251 Paris cedex 05, France
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Mark V. Erdmann
Mark V. Erdmann
Conservation International Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Muwardi No. 17, Bali 80235, Indonesia (e-mail: mverdmann@attglobal.net)
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Yves Fermon
Yves Fermon
UMR CNRS 5178 Biodiversité et dynamique des communautés aquatiques, Département des Milieux et Peuplements aquatiques, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 43 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France (e-mail: meunier@mnhn.fr)
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Roy L. Caldwell
Roy L. Caldwell
Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA (e-mail: 4roy@socrates.berkeley.edu)
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

SEM (Scanning electron microscopy) and photonic microscopy (ground sections) studies confirm that the scales of the coelacanth Latimeria menadoensis have strong morphological and histological similarities with the scales of L. chalumnae. They are both elasmoid scales, the external layer of which is made of radial ridges that are overlaid, on the posterior field, by odontodes. The odontodes of L. menadoensis are made of the typical mineralized tissues described for teeth of the coelacanth and their width is similar to that of L. chalumnae odontodes. Globular corpuscles are found in the isopedine contact with the external layer. Their mineralization seems to be inotropic as in the Mandl’s corpuscles of teleost elasmoid scales. Scale organisation in L. menadoensis does not show any characteristics that may support significantly, in the absence of additional evidence, two different species in the extant coelacanths.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Fishes and the Break-up of Pangaea

L. Cavin
L. Cavin
Museum d’Histoire de Naturelle, Genève, Switzerland
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A. Longbottom
A. Longbottom
Natural History Museum, UK
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M. Richter
M. Richter
Natural History Museum, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
295
ISBN electronic:
9781862395435
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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