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A new halecomorph fish is described from the Early Cretaceous Marizal Formation of Tucano Basin. This new material is identified as a new species of Placidichthys, P. tucanensis sp. nov. based on the absence of an anal fin, the lower number of flank scales in the caudal region, the slender shape of the body, and body proportions. Placidichthys tucanensis sp. nov. increases the distribution and diversity of ophiopsids in the western part of the Tethys Sea, being distributed along the epicontinental seas of Gondwana.

Placidichthys is considered the sister-taxon of the exclusively Cretaceous taxa Teoichthys+Macrepistius from the western Tethys. These groups show a discernible geographical distribution pattern with Placidichthys known only from the Southern margin of the Tethys region (South America), whilst Teoichthys and Macrepistius are known only from North America and possibly Europe.

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