South Atlantic divergent margin evolution: rift-border uplift and salt tectonics in the basins of SE Brazil
W. Mohriak, M. Nemčok, G. Enciso, 2008. "South Atlantic divergent margin evolution: rift-border uplift and salt tectonics in the basins of SE Brazil", West Gondwana: Pre-Cenozoic Correlations Across the South Atlantic Region, R. J. Pankhurst, R. A. J. Trouw, B. B. de Brito Neves, M. J. de Wit
Download citation file:
The South Atlantic Ocean evolved after rupture of the São Francisco–Congo–Rio de la Plata–Kalahari cratonic landmass and the Late Proterozoic fold belts. Break-up in the South Atlantic realm developed diachronously: rifting started in the south (Argentina) during the Jurassic and progressed towards the equatorial segment. The central portion was controlled by a rift-resistant cratonic nucleus (the São Francisco–Congo craton) and as a result underwent development of narrow basins; parts controlled by Neoproterozoic fold belts developed wide basins. The final break-up of western Gondwana and the onset of plate divergence were marked by thick wedges of seaward-dipping reflectors, located near the incipient ocean-ridge spreading centre that had already been formed by the time Aptian evaporites were deposited. Subsequently, a few episodes of intraplate tectonic and magmatic activity affected the Santos, Campos and Espírito Santo basins.
Post-break up development of the offshore basins was affected by gravity gliding over the Aptian evaporites. Continental uplift may be invoked as the main cause of salt mobilization, generating prograding clastic wedges that thickened basin-wards and produced a loading effect on the salt basin. Coupled with onshore erosional unloading and the effects of the gravity gliding, this probably resulted in further flexural uplift of the continental margin.
Figures & Tables
West Gondwana: Pre-Cenozoic Correlations Across the South Atlantic Region
Some 75 years after the visionary work of Wegener and du Toit, Neoproterozoic to Mesozoic geological correlations between South America and Africa are re-examined in the light of plate tectonics and modern geological investigation (structural and metamorphic studies, stratigraphic logging, geochemistry, geochronology and palaeomagnetism). The book presents both reviews and new research relating to the shared Gondwana origins of countries facing each other across the South Atlantic Ocean, especially Brazil, Argentina, Cameroon, Nigeria, Angola, Namibia and South Africa. This is the first comprehensive treatment to be readily available in book form. It covers the common elements of cratonic areas pre-dating Gondwana, and how they came together in late Precambrian and Cambrian times with the formation of the Pan-African/Brasiliano orogenic belts (Dom Feliciano, Brasília, Ribeira, Damara, Gariep, Kaoko, etc.). The subsequent shared Palaeozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary record (Karoo system) prior to Gondwana break-up is also reviewed.