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Correlation of Neoproterozoic terranes between the Ribeira Belt, SE Brazil and its African counterpart: comparative tectonic evolution and open questions

By
M. Heilbron
M. Heilbron
1
TEKTOS Research Group, Faculdade de Geologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
,
Rua São Francisco Xavier 524/4006-A, Maracanã, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro
,
Brazil
(e-mail: heilbron@uerj.br)
4
Pesquisador do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPQ
,
Brazil
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C. M. Valeriano
C. M. Valeriano
1
TEKTOS Research Group, Faculdade de Geologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
,
Rua São Francisco Xavier 524/4006-A, Maracanã, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro
,
Brazil
(e-mail: heilbron@uerj.br)
4
Pesquisador do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPQ
,
Brazil
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C. C. G. Tassinari
C. C. G. Tassinari
2
CPGeo/IG-USP, Centro de Pesquisas Geocronológicas, Instituto de Geociências, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
,
Rua do Lago, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP
,
Brazil
4
Pesquisador do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPQ
,
Brazil
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J. Almeida
J. Almeida
1
TEKTOS Research Group, Faculdade de Geologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
,
Rua São Francisco Xavier 524/4006-A, Maracanã, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro
,
Brazil
(e-mail: heilbron@uerj.br)
4
Pesquisador do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPQ
,
Brazil
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M. Tupinambá
M. Tupinambá
1
TEKTOS Research Group, Faculdade de Geologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
,
Rua São Francisco Xavier 524/4006-A, Maracanã, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro
,
Brazil
(e-mail: heilbron@uerj.br)
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O. Siga, Jr
O. Siga, Jr
2
CPGeo/IG-USP, Centro de Pesquisas Geocronológicas, Instituto de Geociências, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
,
Rua do Lago, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP
,
Brazil
4
Pesquisador do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPQ
,
Brazil
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R. Trouw
R. Trouw
3
Departamento de Geologia
,
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
,
Brazil
4
Pesquisador do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPQ
,
Brazil
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

Four main classes of tectonic entities may be considered for the Ribeira Belt and southwest African counterparts: (1) cratonic fragments older than 1.8 Ga and their passive margin successions, (2) reworked basement terranes with Mesoproterozoic and/or Neoproterozoic deformed cover, (3) magmatic arc associations, (4) terranes with Palaeoproterozoic basement and deformed Neoproterozoic back-arc successions. Based on comparative investigation, a tectonic model of polyphase amalgamation is proposed with c. 790 and 630–610 Ma major episodes of intra-oceanic and cordilleran arc magmatism along both sides of the Adamastor Ocean. Subsequent diachronous collision of the arc terranes and small plates followed at c. 630, 600, 580 and 530 Ma. The tectonic complexity reflects an accretionary evolution from Cryogenian to Cambrian times. The São Francisco–Congo and Angola palaeo-continents did probably not behave as one consolidated block, but rather may have accommodated considerable convergence during the Brasiliano/Pan-African episodes. The final docking of Cabo Frio and Kalahari in the Cambrian was coeval with the arrival of Amazonia on the opposite side, resulting in lateral reactivation and displacement between the previously amalgamated pieces. The transition between the Cambrian and the Ordovician is marked by the extensional collapse of the metamorphic core zones of the orogens.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

West Gondwana: Pre-Cenozoic Correlations Across the South Atlantic Region

R. J. Pankhurst
R. J. Pankhurst
British Geological Survey, UK
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R. A. J. Trouw
R. A. J. Trouw
Universidade Federale do Rio de Janeiro
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B. B. de Brito Neves
B. B. de Brito Neves
Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil
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M. J. de Wit
M. J. de Wit
University of Cape Town, South Africa
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Geological Society of London
Volume
294
ISBN electronic:
9781862395428
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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