Comparisons between the northwestern Borborema Province, NE Brazil, and the southwestern Pharusian Dahomey Belt, SW Central Africa
T. J. S. Dos Santos, A. H. Fetter, J. A. N. Neto, 2008. "Comparisons between the northwestern Borborema Province, NE Brazil, and the southwestern Pharusian Dahomey Belt, SW Central Africa", West Gondwana: Pre-Cenozoic Correlations Across the South Atlantic Region, R. J. Pankhurst, R. A. J. Trouw, B. B. de Brito Neves, M. J. de Wit
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Geological and geochronological data for the northwestern part of the Brasiliano Borborema Province are described and compared with their counterparts in the Pan-African Dahomey (Pharusian) belt that flanks the southeastern margin of the West African Craton, where outcrops are sufficiently continuous to discern the nature of the collision during West Gondwana assembly. In the Médio Coreaú domain, NW Borborema Province, U–Pb and Sm–Nd data have revealed unusual basement rocks representing 2.35–2.30 Ga juvenile crust, along with large tracts of 2.15–2.10 Ga juvenile gneisses in the Ceará Central domain. These basement blocks were affected by two pulses of intracratonic extension at 1785 and 775 Ma. Prior to West Gondwana collision, a continental arc (the Santa Quitéria batholith) developed between 665 Ma and 620 Ma. The presence of this arc strengthens the hypothesis that convergence between the Borborema Province and the São Luis craton involved closure of an oceanic basin. New geochronological data are presented showing that Palaeoproterozoic orthogneisses (U–Pb upper intercept 2288±2 Ma) were affected by a major late Neoproterozoic event (554±4 Ma U–Pb lower intercept, 558±3 Ma Sm–Nd whole-rock and mineral isochron). Exhumation and cooling of granulite rocks between 568 and 550 Ma in the Médio Coreaú domain and between c. 587 and 576 in the West African Dahomey Belt indicate that the final tectonic phase was not simultaneous along this front of the orogen.
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West Gondwana: Pre-Cenozoic Correlations Across the South Atlantic Region
Some 75 years after the visionary work of Wegener and du Toit, Neoproterozoic to Mesozoic geological correlations between South America and Africa are re-examined in the light of plate tectonics and modern geological investigation (structural and metamorphic studies, stratigraphic logging, geochemistry, geochronology and palaeomagnetism). The book presents both reviews and new research relating to the shared Gondwana origins of countries facing each other across the South Atlantic Ocean, especially Brazil, Argentina, Cameroon, Nigeria, Angola, Namibia and South Africa. This is the first comprehensive treatment to be readily available in book form. It covers the common elements of cratonic areas pre-dating Gondwana, and how they came together in late Precambrian and Cambrian times with the formation of the Pan-African/Brasiliano orogenic belts (Dom Feliciano, Brasília, Ribeira, Damara, Gariep, Kaoko, etc.). The subsequent shared Palaeozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary record (Karoo system) prior to Gondwana break-up is also reviewed.