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Metasomatism of the upper mantle beneath the Hyblean Plateau (Sicily): Evidence from pyroxenes and glass in peridotite xenoliths

By
C. Perinelli
C. Perinelli
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, via S. Maria 53, 56100 Pisa, Italy (e-mail: cperinelli@dst.unipi.it)
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G. T. Sapienza
G. T. Sapienza
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geologico-Ambientali, Università di Bologna, Piazza Porta San Donato 1, 40126 Bologna, Italy
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P. Armienti
P. Armienti
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, via S. Maria 53, 56100 Pisa, Italy (e-mail: cperinelli@dst.unipi.it)
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L. Morten
L. Morten
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geologico-Ambientali, Università di Bologna, Piazza Porta San Donato 1, 40126 Bologna, Italydeceased, 18 November 2006
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

Coarse-grained, protogranular spinel peridotite xenoliths in the Upper Miocene Valle Guffari diatreme display a complex history for the shallow mantle underneath the Hyblean Plateau (SE Sicily). The mineral assemblage and composition (olivine Fo89–91, orthopyroxene En88–91, Cr-diopside En48–49Fs4–6Wo45–48, Cr-rich spinel with cr-number=25–39) record at least one depletion event caused by melt extraction, followed by metasomatic enrichment. One of these samples (HYB40) hosts a fresh glass vein. Rare earth elements (REE) in clinopyroxenes from these peridotites show three patterns: (1) light REE-enriched (Lan/Ybn=7–17); (2) spoon-shaped (Lan/Ybn=18–20; Lan/Smn=21–34; Smn/Ybn<1); (3) nearly flat (Lan/Ybn ∼3). Whole-rock and clinopyroxene trace elements indicate that these patterns are associated with more or less complete equilibration with at least two distinct metasomatic melts: an alkaline silicate melt resembling the host basalt and a hawaiitic melt (for peridotite HYB40). PT estimates yield 0.9–1.2 GPa and 870–1050 °C, suggesting that refertilization by metasomatizing melts occurred at the Crust–Mantle boundary or just below. In addition, the PT data coincide with the palaeogeotherm reported by an earlier worker that is consistent with a high geothermal gradient. However, this thermal regime does not fit with the occurrence of an active mantle plume beneath the Hyblean area because of the deduced mantle potential temperatures, which are almost 200°C lower than those typical for a mantle plume. fO2 calculation gives a redox state above the fayalite–magnetite–quartz buffer FMQ (up to +1.7 Δlog units) related to melt-driven metasomatism.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Metasomatism in Oceanic and Continental Lithospheric Mantle

M. Coltorti
M. Coltorti
Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Italy
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M. Grégoire
M. Grégoire
Université Toulouse III, France
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Geological Society of London
Volume
293
ISBN electronic:
9781862395411
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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