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Asthenospheric signature in fertile spinel lherzolites from the Viliga Volcanic Field in NE Russia

By
T. Ntaflos
T. Ntaflos
Department of Lithospheric Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria (e-mail: theodoros.ntaflos@univie.ac.at)
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C. Tschegg
C. Tschegg
Department of Lithospheric Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria (e-mail: theodoros.ntaflos@univie.ac.at)
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M. Coltorti
M. Coltorti
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
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V. V. Akinin
V. V. Akinin
North East InterdisciplinaryScientific Research Institute, Magadan, Russia
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J. Kosler
J. Kosler
Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

Mantle xenolith bearing olivine melanephelinites from the Okhotsk sector of the Okhotsk–Chukotka Volcanic Belt (OCVB), northeastern Russia, occur as small isolated volcanoes emplaced within massive late Early to Late Cretaceous subduction-related calc-alkaline rocks. The xenoliths are typical medium- to fine-grained anhydrous mainly spinel lherzolites that are strongly to weakly foliated with intensive to minor recrystallization to equigranular texture. The primitive mantle normalized whole-rock REE have flat patterns or patterns with slightly elevated light REE (LREE) ((La/Yb)N=0.48–1.38). The REE in clinopyroxenes have systematically decreasing normalized abundances from Sm to La, implying that the LREE enrichments in the whole-rock REE patterns are attributed to circulation of minor intergranular fluids or melts. Equilibration temperatures and pressures calculated for the Viliga samples are in the range of 1050–1160 °C and 15–21 kbar, respectively. Ca diffusion rates in olivine reveal a rapid transport to the surface (2–6 days) of these peridotites. Model calculations have shown that the fertile lherzolites can be produced by 2–9% batch melting, whereas the depleted peridotites require 15% batch melting of a primitive source. The cessation of the interaction between the palaeo-Pacific plate and the NE Russian margin at c. 87 Ma apparently caused a ‘piecemeal’ collapse of the former followed by intrusion and ascent of olivine melanephelinitic magma, which entrained xenoliths from the asthenospheric mantle of the subducted plate during the Pliocene through the generated window(s). Moreover, clinopyroxenes that have low 87Sr/86Sr and high 143Nd/144Nd and plot in and above the mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) field are consistent with an upwelling asthenospheric mantle through the window(s) created by the ‘piecemeal’ collapse of the palaeo-Pacific plate.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Metasomatism in Oceanic and Continental Lithospheric Mantle

M. Coltorti
M. Coltorti
Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Italy
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M. Grégoire
M. Grégoire
Université Toulouse III, France
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Geological Society of London
Volume
293
ISBN electronic:
9781862395411
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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