Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Modelling cockpit karst landforms

By
C. Fleurant
C. Fleurant
1
Département Paysage
,
Institut National d'Horticulture
,
49045 Angers
,
France
(e-mail: cyril.fleurant@inh.fr)
Search for other works by this author on:
G. E. Tucker
G. E. Tucker
2
Department of Geological Sciences
,
Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado
,
Boulder, CO
,
USA
Search for other works by this author on:
H. A. Viles
H. A. Viles
3
Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford
,
South Park, Oxford OX1 3QY
,
UK
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present a model of the formation processes of cockpit karst landscapes. The CHILD software was used to simulate landscape evolution including dissolution processes of carbonate rocks. After examining briefly how the CHILD model operates, two applications of this model involving dissolution of carbonate rocks are presented. The simulated landscapes are compared with real landscapes of the Cockpit Country, Jamaica, using morphometric criteria. The first application is based on the hypothesis that dissolution of carbonate rocks is isotropic over time and space. In this case, dissolution is constant throughout the whole area studied and for each time step. The simulated landscapes based on this hypothesis have morphometric features which are quite different from those of real landscapes. The second application considers that dissolution of carbonate rocks is anisotropic over time and space. In this case, it is necessary to take into account subsurface and underground processes, by coupling surface runoff and water infiltration into the fractured carbonates.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Landscape Evolution: Denudation, Climate and Tectonics over Different Time and Space Scales

K. Gallagher
K. Gallagher
Université de Rennes
,
France
Search for other works by this author on:
S. J. Jones
S. J. Jones
University of Durham
,
UK
Search for other works by this author on:
J. Wainwright
J. Wainwright
University of Sheffield
,
UK
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of London
Volume
296
ISBN electronic:
9781862395442
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal