Structural evolution of Andros (Cyclades, Greece): A key to the behaviour of a (flat) detachment within an extending continental crust
C. Mehl, L. Jolivet, O. Lacombe, L. Labrousse, G. Rimmele, 2007. "Structural evolution of Andros (Cyclades, Greece): A key to the behaviour of a (flat) detachment within an extending continental crust", The Geodynamics of the Aegean and Anatolia, T. Taymaz, Y. Yilmaz, Y. Dilek
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The continental crust extends in a brittle manner in its upper part and in more distributed (ductile) manner in its lower part. During exhumation of HP metamorphic rocks, brittle features superimpose on earlier ductile ones as a result of the progressive localization of deformation. The islands of Tinos and Andros are part of the numerous metamorphic core complexes exhumed in the Aegean domain. They illustrate two steps of a gradient of finite extension along a transect between Mt. Olympos and Naxos. This study confirms the main role of boudinage as an initial localizing factor at the brittle–ductile transition and emphasizes the continuum of strain from ductile to brittle during exhumation. Early low-angle semi-brittle shear planes superimpose onto precursory ductile shear bands, whereas steeply dipping late brittle planes develop by progressive steepening of structures or sliding across en echelon arrays of veins. The comparison between Tinos and Andros allows us to propose a complete dynamic section of the Aegean extending continental crust and emphasizes that the strain localization process depends on both its rheological stratification and its compositional heterogeneity.
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The complexity of plate interactions and associated crustal deformation in the Eastern Mediterranean region is reflected by the numerous destructive earthquakes that have occurred throughout its history. Many of these have been well documented and studied. In addition, the Aegean region provides examples of core-complex formation, synchronous basin evolution and subsequent graben formation and continental extensional deformation following orogenic contraction. It is therefore considered to be a perfect natural laboratory for the study of these mechanisms. The region has been the subject of intensive research for several decades. This book contains current results and ideas regarding the geodynamics of the Aegean and Anatolia. It will be essential reading for all geoscientists with an interest in the structural evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean.