Sedimentology and geochemistry of the Middle Miocene (Badenian) salt-bearing succession from East Slovakian Basin (Zbudza Formation)
K. Bukowski, G. Czapowski, S. Karoli, M. BĄbel, 2007. "Sedimentology and geochemistry of the Middle Miocene (Badenian) salt-bearing succession from East Slovakian Basin (Zbudza Formation)", Evaporites Through Space and Time, B. C. Schreiber, S. Lugli, M. Bąbel
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The Middle Miocene (Badenian) evaporites have formed within more or less restricted basins, occupying the Carpathian Foredeep and inner depressions in the East Slovakian Basin of the Carpathians. Their deposition coincided with the increased tectonic activity in the Carpathians, evidenced by volcanic eruptions (widespread volcaniclastics) and frequent earthquakes. These phenomena apparently initiated landslides, submarine slumps and turbidity currents which formed deposits characterized by rapid facies changes and relatively limited lateral continuity. The clastic–evaporitic deposition in the Zbudza area (East Slovakian Basin) was controlled by frequent tectonic and seismic phenomena and high continental clastic supply that produced repeated slump sediments with dominant proximal mass flows and distal flows and diverse salt types (salt/clay rhythmites, finer halite–arenites, coarse halite–rudites). These zones are separated by primary salt units (halite) precipitated in situ from bottom brines during calm periods. The observed cyclicity (I–V cycles) reflects varied tectonic activity of the basin margins, that mechanically remobilized the sediments from marginal salt pans, flats and adjacent uplifts, and could be correlable with cycles in the Wieliczka Formation from Carpathian Foredeep.
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Evaporites Through Space and Time
This book is an exploration of varying approaches to the study of the deposition, diagenesis and stratigraphy of evaporites. The volume includes papers from chemical modellers, who work on the basis of geochemical representations of the formative water bodies, and from basin-wide depositional-stratigraphical modellers, who propose depositional scenarios that are fitted to individual basinal pictures.
Until now there have been only a few studies of evaporite formation that explain the characteristic features we observe in the real rock record. This volume is a collection of relevant papers in which these features are integrated in a realistic manner, based on our new understanding of saline water bodies, to the diverse tectonic, chemical and depositional constraints of their individual basins. In additional there are several review articles that offer oversight and extensive referencing of basins worthy of further study.
This book is a valuable resource for sedimentologists and stratigraphers looking for an up-to-date reference on evaporite deposits.