Clastic depositional systems at the base of the late Miocene evaporites of the Levant region, Eastern Mediterranean
C. Bertoni, J. A. Cartwright, 2007. "Clastic depositional systems at the base of the late Miocene evaporites of the Levant region, Eastern Mediterranean", Evaporites Through Space and Time, B. C. Schreiber, S. Lugli, M. Bąbel
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This study investigates the evidence for the presence of clastic sediments at the base of the distal Messinian evaporites in the Levant region (Eastern Mediterranean). Seismic geomorphological analysis of three-dimensional seismic data clearly reveals the occurrence of a well-imaged clastic body composed of two closely spaced channel-mouth lobe deposits, within the basal part of the Messinian evaporites. Comparable seismic facies observed at the same stratigraphic level point to the occurrence of additional clastic deposits and allows their correlation with the El Arish and Afiq canyon systems. The seismic characteristics of the clastic bodies and the analogy with other coeval deposits in the Mediterranean Basin suggest that they deposited in a submarine (shallow- or deep-water) setting. Knowledge of the occurrence and distribution of these clastic deposits has considerable impact on the interpretation of the depositional environment of this basinwide evaporitic system.
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Evaporites Through Space and Time
This book is an exploration of varying approaches to the study of the deposition, diagenesis and stratigraphy of evaporites. The volume includes papers from chemical modellers, who work on the basis of geochemical representations of the formative water bodies, and from basin-wide depositional-stratigraphical modellers, who propose depositional scenarios that are fitted to individual basinal pictures.
Until now there have been only a few studies of evaporite formation that explain the characteristic features we observe in the real rock record. This volume is a collection of relevant papers in which these features are integrated in a realistic manner, based on our new understanding of saline water bodies, to the diverse tectonic, chemical and depositional constraints of their individual basins. In additional there are several review articles that offer oversight and extensive referencing of basins worthy of further study.
This book is a valuable resource for sedimentologists and stratigraphers looking for an up-to-date reference on evaporite deposits.