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Imaging, mapping and modelling continental lithosphere extension and breakup: an introduction

By
G. D. Karner
G. D. Karner
1
ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company
,
P.O. Box 2189, Houston, TX 77252-2189
,
USA
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G. Manatschal
G. Manatschal
2
Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre
,
Université Louis Pasteur
,
1 Rue Blessig, 67084 Strasbourg
,
France
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L. M. Pinheiro
L. M. Pinheiro
3
Departamento Geociências and CESAM
,
Universidade de Aveiro
,
Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro
,
Portugal
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Published:
January 01, 2007

Abstract

This Special Publication is a direct outcome of a small but dedicated group of researchers who met in Pontresina, Switzerland, to review and define the fundamental observations characterizing extensional systems and their application in guiding and constraining modelling efforts and results. The various summaries of the keynote addresses give an objective overview of the state of the art in modelling lithospheric extensional systems, both from the regional scale using dynamic models to individual basins using kinematic models with an emphasis on capturing the extensional history of the Iberia and Newfoundland margins. At the heart of all of these efforts is a simple question: Exactly what mechanisms allow the continental lithosphere to be thinned to the point of rupture? Related questions are: (1) Do crustal and mantle faults play a major role in this thinning process? If so, what is their geometry and does their importance and geometry change with time? (2) Are there other mechanisms of lithospheric and crustal thinning that cannot be imaged on seismic sections? (3) How is deformation accommodated in space and time? (4) What role do inherited mechanical, thermal and/or chemical heterogeneities play in controlling strain distribution and localization? (5) When, how and to what degree does magma production affect the distribution and localization of extension? And (6) what is the stratigraphic record of continental extension and how does it document the extension of the crust and thinning of the lithospheric mantle?

The aim of this Special Publication is to address many of these fundamental questions concerning the extreme extension and thinning of continental lithosphere.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Imaging, Mapping and Modelling Continental Lithosphere Extension and Breakup

G. D. Karner
G. D. Karner
ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, Houston, USA
Search for other works by this author on:
G. Manatschal
G. Manatschal
Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France
Search for other works by this author on:
L. M. Pinheiro
L. M. Pinheiro
Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of London
Volume
282
ISBN electronic:
9781862395305
Publication date:
January 01, 2007

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