Rediscovering and conserving the Lower Palaeozoic ‘treasures’ of Ethel Woods (neé Skeat) and Margaret Crosfield in northeast Wales
Published:January 01, 2007
C. V. Burek, J. A. Malpas, 2007. "Rediscovering and conserving the Lower Palaeozoic ‘treasures’ of Ethel Woods (neé Skeat) and Margaret Crosfield in northeast Wales", The Role of Women in the History of Geology, C. V. Burek, B. Higgs
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This paper explores, within a historical context, the importance of geoconservation of not only sites but also artefacts, collections and specimens as well as letters and original documents. It sets out the search and finding of sites in northeast Wales and materials thought lost then found and the subsequent nomination of Regionally Important Geological/Geomorphological Sites (RIGS) conservation status of the sites to safeguard them for the future. It is important to note that RIGS can be designated for their historical value alone, which is in contrast to Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs), which are protected solely for their national scientific and research value.
The role of Ethel Woods (neé Skeat) and Margaret Crosfield in developing an understanding of the geological history of northeast Wales had been lost over time. This paper contains biographical sketches of the two women, followed by their Lower Palaeozoic lithological, structural and graptolite research and places it in an historical context. This case study illustrates how female curiosity, perseverance and attention to detail unearthed previously forgotten treasures.
The importance of conserving their sites, specimens and sketch field notebooks in our electronic and throw-away age is vital. The role of the North East Wales Regionally Important Geological/Geomorphological Sites (NEWRIGS) in conserving this information is put forward as an example of good practice.
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The Role of Women in the History of Geology
Where were the women in Geology? This book is a first as it unravels the diverse roles women have played in the history and development of geology as a science predominantly in the UK, Ireland and Australia, and selectively in Germany, Russia and US. The volume covers the period from the late eighteenth century to the present day and shows how the roles that women have played changed with time. These included illustrators, museum collectors and curators, educationalists, researchers and geologists. Originally as wives, sisters or mothers many were assistants to their male relatives. This book looks at all these forgotten women and for the first time historians and scientists together explore the contribution they made to this male-dominated subject. There are individual profiles on remarkable women: Catherine Raisin, Dorothea Bate, Cuvier's daughters, Grace Prestwich, Annie Greenly, Nancy Kirk, Margaret Crosfield, Ethel Skeat, Maria Ogivlie Gordon, Marie Stopes, Anne Phillips, Muriel Arber and Etheldred Bennett. Pulling together this extensive research uncovered common issues and generated emergent themes. The Editors have brought this new research together under these themes and tried to answer the question Where were the women in Geology? They go on to discuss how these role models can be applicable to today's society.