This study represents the first attempt to record the lives of women who have contributed to the field of Quaternary science. A list of women who lived or studied in the United Kingdom and Ireland was drawn up from suggestions provided by members of the British Quaternary Research Association (QRA). These were divided into three categories: pre-20th century, 20th century and retired. The lives of some of these women are described. It was particularly interesting that in the pre-20th-century and 20th-century categories, the number of geomorphologists was equal to the number of archaeologists/palaeoecologists. In addition, a study was undertaken of women physical geographers in British geography departments, which was compared with the results from a similar survey in 1996. In this way, recent changes (the last 10 years) in women in Quaternary science could also be evaluated. It was shown that although there was an increase in the number of women physical geography academics since 1996, the actual percentage of women had gone down, and although the percentage of women professors had risen, men's chance of reaching this position was still much higher. However, it is argued that the key element of women in Quaternary science, both today and in the past, is their enthusiasm for fieldwork, and it is this passion that enabled them to continue their studies whatever the current social conventions.
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The Role of Women in the History of Geology
Where were the women in Geology? This book is a first as it unravels the diverse roles women have played in the history and development of geology as a science predominantly in the UK, Ireland and Australia, and selectively in Germany, Russia and US. The volume covers the period from the late eighteenth century to the present day and shows how the roles that women have played changed with time. These included illustrators, museum collectors and curators, educationalists, researchers and geologists. Originally as wives, sisters or mothers many were assistants to their male relatives. This book looks at all these forgotten women and for the first time historians and scientists together explore the contribution they made to this male-dominated subject. There are individual profiles on remarkable women: Catherine Raisin, Dorothea Bate, Cuvier's daughters, Grace Prestwich, Annie Greenly, Nancy Kirk, Margaret Crosfield, Ethel Skeat, Maria Ogivlie Gordon, Marie Stopes, Anne Phillips, Muriel Arber and Etheldred Bennett. Pulling together this extensive research uncovered common issues and generated emergent themes. The Editors have brought this new research together under these themes and tried to answer the question Where were the women in Geology? They go on to discuss how these role models can be applicable to today's society.