M. R. S. Creese, 2007. "Fossil hunters, a cave explorer and a rock analyst: notes on some early women contributors to geology", The Role of Women in the History of Geology, C. V. Burek, B. Higgs
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The work and achievements of nine women contributors to 19th- and early 20th-century developments in the geological sciences are sketched. Two of these women – Gordon Cumming and Gray – were Scottish, two – Owen and Maury – were from the United States, Cleve von Euler and Sahlbom were Swedish, and three – Pavlova, Solomko and Tsvetaeva – were Russian. Of these nine, seven worked in palaeontology (then and later the branch of the field most often taken up by women), Owen made her name primarily as a speleologist and Sahlbom was a rock and mineral analyst. The sketches are offered as additional material for the ongoing effort to uncover and assess the role played by women in early work in the sciences.
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Where were the women in Geology? This book is a first as it unravels the diverse roles women have played in the history and development of geology as a science predominantly in the UK, Ireland and Australia, and selectively in Germany, Russia and US. The volume covers the period from the late eighteenth century to the present day and shows how the roles that women have played changed with time. These included illustrators, museum collectors and curators, educationalists, researchers and geologists. Originally as wives, sisters or mothers many were assistants to their male relatives. This book looks at all these forgotten women and for the first time historians and scientists together explore the contribution they made to this male-dominated subject. There are individual profiles on remarkable women: Catherine Raisin, Dorothea Bate, Cuvier's daughters, Grace Prestwich, Annie Greenly, Nancy Kirk, Margaret Crosfield, Ethel Skeat, Maria Ogivlie Gordon, Marie Stopes, Anne Phillips, Muriel Arber and Etheldred Bennett. Pulling together this extensive research uncovered common issues and generated emergent themes. The Editors have brought this new research together under these themes and tried to answer the question Where were the women in Geology? They go on to discuss how these role models can be applicable to today's society.