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The work and achievements of nine women contributors to 19th- and early 20th-century developments in the geological sciences are sketched. Two of these women – Gordon Cumming and Gray – were Scottish, two – Owen and Maury – were from the United States, Cleve von Euler and Sahlbom were Swedish, and three – Pavlova, Solomko and Tsvetaeva – were Russian. Of these nine, seven worked in palaeontology (then and later the branch of the field most often taken up by women), Owen made her name primarily as a speleologist and Sahlbom was a rock and mineral analyst. The sketches are offered as additional material for the ongoing effort to uncover and assess the role played by women in early work in the sciences.

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