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The advances in the field of inversion tectonics, pioneered by Mike Coward and co-workers, have shown that many thrust belts originated at the expense of pre-orogenic rift basins that originally had complex extensional architectures. These architectures are reflected by significant lateral thickness and facies changes within the deformed stratigraphic sequences. Although these changes are widely documented from the restoration of balanced sections across thrust fans, they are significantly less well documented from restoration of duplex structures. As a consequence, most available duplex models assume layer-cake stratigraphic sequences. In this contribution a peculiar mesoscopic duplex is described. This structure developed across a single irregular, previously extended quartzite layer of the Arenarie di Poggio al Carpino Formation (Upper Permian-Lower Triassic), during the Late Tertiary orogenic event that led to development of the Apennine chain. Through comparison of the analysed duplex with macroscopic analogues, it is proposed that similar structures may occur on a wide variety of scales, in the Apennines as well as in other orogenic belts.

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