Basinwide stratigraphic synthesis and sequence stratigraphy, upper Pragian, Emsian and Eifelian stages (Lower to Middle Devonian), Appalachian Basin
Published:January 01, 2007
C. A. Ver Straeten, 2007. "Basinwide stratigraphic synthesis and sequence stratigraphy, upper Pragian, Emsian and Eifelian stages (Lower to Middle Devonian), Appalachian Basin", Devonian Events and Correlations, R. T. Becker, W. T. Kirchgasser
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A new synthesis of the Lower to Middle Devonian (upper Pragian, Emsian and Eifelian) succession across the Appalachian Basin has been developed by high resolution event and sequence stratigraphic analysis. The correlation of numerous marker beds and a hierarchy of cycles in the interval of the Oriskany Sandstone to lower Hamilton Group provide a refined picture of the depositional patterns, faunal changes, formation to member-level (and finer) relationships, and sea-level trends. The succession begins above the Wallbridge Unconformity, or its correlative conformity, which lies beneath the Oriskany Sandstone, not above it as previously thought. The new sequence-stratigraphic framework of Oriskany to lower Hamilton strata comprises nine ‘third order’ stratigraphic sequences (cycles), though an interval of some 25 million years. At a coarse scale, the eustatic Pragian to Eifelian sea-level curve for Euramerica of Johnson et al. (1985) shows broad variance with the Appalachian curve, reflecting the regional influence of the Acadian orogeny. However at the finer sequence-scale, the Euramerican sea-level trends are recognizable in the Appalachian Basin succession.
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Devonian Events and Correlations
The Devonian was a peculiar period, characterized by simplified plate tectonic configurations, climatic overheating and widely flooded continents. The bloom of fishes and ammonoids, extensive reef complexes, and the conquest of land indicate major biosphere innovations, punctuated by many global events, including two of the biggest mass extinctions. The Devonian was the first system for which subdivisions were formally defined. This was achieved by significant advances in pelagic biostratigraphy. The chronostratigraphic framework and interdisciplinary techniques allow us to correlate intervals or sudden events across facies boundaries, in order to reconstruct the sedimentary and evolutionary history of the system with highest precision.
This volume honors the lifetime stratigraphic achievements of Michael Robert House (1930-2002). Based on case studies from Europe, North Africa and North America, it shows how the combination of biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy and event stratigraphy can contribute to a much deeper understanding of both regional and global environmental change.