Record of decay in rock properties
Published:January 01, 2007
A Carrara marble sample was measured using neutron time-of-flight diffraction on its crystallographic preferred orientation (texture), a strain scan through the sample and strain pole figures to explain the effect of deformation of marble plates. Strong compressional residual strain values of up to ɛ = –1.3 × 10-3 measured with residual strain pole figures in a virgin bulk sample have been found. Obviously, the magnitude of residual strain depends on the sample size. Features of the observed texture pole figures and internal strain pole figures are related to each other by their sample orientations. Texture and residual strain measurements were combined with investigations of thermal expansions under dry and wet conditions in different directions to the main stress direction.
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Building Stone Decay: From Diagnosis to Conservation
Stone buildings and monuments from the cultural centres of many of the world's urban areas. Frequently these areas are prone to high levels of atmospheric pollution that promote a variety of aggressive stone decay processes. Because of this, stone decay is now widely recognized as a severe threat to much of our cultural heritage. If this threat is to be successfully addressed it is essential that the symptoms of decay are clearly identified, that appropriate stone properties are accurately characterized and that decay processes are precisely identified. It is undoubtedly the case that successful conservation has to be underpinned by a comprehensive understanding of the causes of decay and the factors that control them. The accomplishment of these demanding goals requires an interdisciplinary approach based on co-operation between geologists, environmental scientists, chemists, material scientists, civil engineers, restorers and architects. In pursuit of this collaboration, this volume aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with the causes, consequences, prevention and solution of stone decay problems.