Dilation of building materials submitted to frost action
Published:January 01, 2007
This paper presents the results of laboratory frost weathering of five geomaterials used in stone monuments showing more or less frost damage: two sandstones (France), molasses (Switzerland), and a volcanic tuff and brick (Japan). Samples were submitted to unidirectional freezing simulations during which temperature and dilation were measured. The aim of these experiments was to understand which internal or external factors prevailing on dilation would lead to cracking. Results showed that water supply and repetition of freeze-thaw cycles were most important in the dilation of the materials. They also showed that the materials with the weakest transfer properties by capillary absorption were the most sensitive to frost action.
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Building Stone Decay: From Diagnosis to Conservation
Stone buildings and monuments from the cultural centres of many of the world's urban areas. Frequently these areas are prone to high levels of atmospheric pollution that promote a variety of aggressive stone decay processes. Because of this, stone decay is now widely recognized as a severe threat to much of our cultural heritage. If this threat is to be successfully addressed it is essential that the symptoms of decay are clearly identified, that appropriate stone properties are accurately characterized and that decay processes are precisely identified. It is undoubtedly the case that successful conservation has to be underpinned by a comprehensive understanding of the causes of decay and the factors that control them. The accomplishment of these demanding goals requires an interdisciplinary approach based on co-operation between geologists, environmental scientists, chemists, material scientists, civil engineers, restorers and architects. In pursuit of this collaboration, this volume aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with the causes, consequences, prevention and solution of stone decay problems.