The rediscovery of an ancient exploitation site of Piperno, a valuable historical stone from the Phlegraean Fields (Italy)
Published:January 01, 2007
D. Calcaterra, P. Cappelletti, M. De’ Gennaro, R. De Gennaro, F. De Sanctis, A. Flora, A. Langella, 2007. "The rediscovery of an ancient exploitation site of Piperno, a valuable historical stone from the Phlegraean Fields (Italy)", Building Stone Decay: From Diagnosis to Conservation, R. Přikryl, B. J. Smith
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This paper reports the research results over several years on Piperno, the most important ornamental architectural stone of Naples. Particular attention is paid to the rediscovery of the old exploitation sites of this rock and to the survey of the last underground quarry site, still accessible, at the base of the Camaldoli Hill (western Naples) at Pianura. The conservation state was assessed by means of specific surveys in view of possible future utilization. At present, the re-opening of abandoned quarries is not possible owing to unsafe site conditions. The cultural relevance of the Pianura quarry site could suggest its possible restoration as a museum of mining and a centre for teaching the working of ornamental stone within the Campania Region.
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Building Stone Decay: From Diagnosis to Conservation
Stone buildings and monuments from the cultural centres of many of the world's urban areas. Frequently these areas are prone to high levels of atmospheric pollution that promote a variety of aggressive stone decay processes. Because of this, stone decay is now widely recognized as a severe threat to much of our cultural heritage. If this threat is to be successfully addressed it is essential that the symptoms of decay are clearly identified, that appropriate stone properties are accurately characterized and that decay processes are precisely identified. It is undoubtedly the case that successful conservation has to be underpinned by a comprehensive understanding of the causes of decay and the factors that control them. The accomplishment of these demanding goals requires an interdisciplinary approach based on co-operation between geologists, environmental scientists, chemists, material scientists, civil engineers, restorers and architects. In pursuit of this collaboration, this volume aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with the causes, consequences, prevention and solution of stone decay problems.