Calcrete as a source of heterogeneity in Triassic fluvial sandstone aquifers (Otter Sandstone Formation, SW England)
Andrew J. Newell, 2006. "Calcrete as a source of heterogeneity in Triassic fluvial sandstone aquifers (Otter Sandstone Formation, SW England)", Fluid Flow and Solute Movement in Sandstones: The Onshore UK Permo-Triassic Red Bed Sequence, R. D. Barker, J. H. Tellam
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Carbonate is not generally considered as a potential source of large-scale heterogeneity in Permo-Triassic sandstone aquifers. This study shows that carbonate, in the form of early diagenetic calcrete, forms an abundant component of the Triassic Otter Sandstone Formation in south Devon. Three types of calcrete are described from the outcrop of this fluvial sandstone dominated aquifer: rhizocretions; calcrete sheets; and calcrete conglomerates. Data obtained from core plugs show that calcrete reduces sandstone permeability to less than 10−15 m2 and porosity to less than 12%. Calcrete can be sufficiently abundant to produce a significant (up to 30%) reduction in the total effective porosity of the aquifer. Moreover, calcrete conglomerates can form laterally extensive (up to 1 km) low-permeability sheets that will represent major baffles to vertical flow.
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Fluid Flow and Solute Movement in Sandstones: The Onshore UK Permo-Triassic Red Bed Sequence
Sandstone aquifers are common worldwide: they contain a significant proportion of the Earth’s fresh water supplies. However, because of their textural complexity and the frequent occurrence of both matrix and fracture flow, prediction of flow and pollutant migration is still a considerable challenge. This volume contains a collection of papers summarizing current research on an example sandstone aquifer: the UK Permo-Triassic Sandstone sequence. These red bed, organic-poor sandstones are of fluvial and aeolian origin, are often strongly textured, and are cut by discontinuities of a wide range of permeabilities. Matrix flow often dominates, but fracture flow also occurs. The papers in the volume deal with research on saturated and unsaturated flow, and solute and non-aqueous-phase liquid movement. They cover investigations from laboratory to regional scale, and involve a wide range of approaches, from petrophysical through geophysical and hydrochemical to modelling.
The book is intended to be of interest to researchers and practitioners involved in water resources and groundwater pollution, and to hydrogeology, water engineering, and environmental science students.