Fluid Flow and Solute Movement in Sandstones: The Onshore UK Permo-Triassic Red Bed Sequence
Sandstone aquifers are common worldwide: they contain a significant proportion of the Earth’s fresh water supplies. However, because of their textural complexity and the frequent occurrence of both matrix and fracture flow, prediction of flow and pollutant migration is still a considerable challenge. This volume contains a collection of papers summarizing current research on an example sandstone aquifer: the UK Permo-Triassic Sandstone sequence. These red bed, organic-poor sandstones are of fluvial and aeolian origin, are often strongly textured, and are cut by discontinuities of a wide range of permeabilities. Matrix flow often dominates, but fracture flow also occurs. The papers in the volume deal with research on saturated and unsaturated flow, and solute and non-aqueous-phase liquid movement. They cover investigations from laboratory to regional scale, and involve a wide range of approaches, from petrophysical through geophysical and hydrochemical to modelling.
The book is intended to be of interest to researchers and practitioners involved in water resources and groundwater pollution, and to hydrogeology, water engineering, and environmental science students.
The capillary characteristic model of petroleum hydrocarbon saturation in the Permo-Triassic sandstone and its implications for remediation
Published:January 01, 2006
K. D. Privett, 2006. "The capillary characteristic model of petroleum hydrocarbon saturation in the Permo-Triassic sandstone and its implications for remediation", Fluid Flow and Solute Movement in Sandstones: The Onshore UK Permo-Triassic Red Bed Sequence, R. D. Barker, J. H. Tellam
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Up to 9 × 106 l of light non-aqueous-phase liquid (LNAPL) is present in a 400 m-wide zone in the Permo-Triassic sandstone 30 m below a working industrial site. Remediation by skimmer wells failed to meet the expectations of the regulatory authorities. A detailed study has concluded that this form of remediation is not possible in this formation.
Initial estimates of the volume of LNAPL in the sandstone had been made by applying the concept of correcting for an ‘exaggerated thickness’ in the wells and multiplying by the porosity. Regulatory requirements were to remove most, preferably all, of...