Fault and fold interaction during the development of the Neogene–Quaternary Almería–Níjar basin (SE Betic Cordilleras)
Antonio Pedrera, Carlos Marín-Lechado, Jesús Galindo-Zaldívar, Luis Roberto Rodríguez-Fernández, Ana Ruiz-Constán, 2006. "Fault and fold interaction during the development of the Neogene–Quaternary Almería–Níjar basin (SE Betic Cordilleras)", Tectonics of the Western Mediterranean and North Africa, G. Moratti, A. Chalouan
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The Neogene-Quaternary Almería-Níjar basin includes the Carboneras Fault, which constitutes a major left-lateral feature of the Betic Cordilleras. New gravity data help to determine the geometry of the sedimentary infill. The region underwent NE-SW extension during the Tortonian and local NW-SE compression during the first stages of Sierra Alhamilla uplift. During the Messinian, the sinistral strike-slip motion along the Carboneras Fault Zone, the dextral strike-slip motion along NW-SE-oriented faults, and the development of large folds such as the Sierra Alhamilla antiform, suggest clockwise rotation (towards the north) of the maximum stress axis (σ). During the Pliocene, a NNW-SSE-oriented compression also contributes to fold development. Finally, during the Quaternary, an ENE-WSW-directed extension controls the development of NW-SE-oriented normal oblique faults. The most recent local normal activity of the Carboneras Fault is related to this extension, whereas its behaviour as a left-lateral strike-slip fault may be a consequence of the accommodation of NW-SE normal fault displacements. Basic rock bodies, recognized by means of a detailed study of the magnetic anomalies, are related to the volcanic activity known to have occurred in the area in Late Miocene times.
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This book provides an insight into the overall tectonic evolution of the Western Mediterranean region and North Africa. The tectonic setting of the region reflects a long-lived and complex evolution, mainly related to the Alpine Orogeny. This inheritance is expressed by an intricate pattern of arc-shaped mountain chains, the Alps, the Betic–Rif Cordilleras and the Apennine–Maghrebian belt, whose southern branches mark the present limit between the African and Eurasian plates. The volume covers the Maghrebian chains in North Africa, from Tunisia to Morocco and the Western and Central Mediterranean, from Spain to Italy from the pre-orogeric phases (Palaeozoic–Mesozoic) to the post-collisional neotectonic and Quaternary development. It includes both original research papers and syntheses dealing with the aspects of structural, sedimentary, metamorphic and marine geology.